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The Economic Development Of Bukovina (I) The First Period Of Austrian Rule: 1774 - 1849


  • Liviu-George MAHA

    () („Al. I. Cuza” University of Iaşi, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration)

  • Gabriel DONICI

    () („Al. I. Cuza” University of Iaşi, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration)

  • Sorin-Ştefan MAHA

    () („Al. I. Cuza” University of Iaşi, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration)


The annexation of Bukovina by the Habsburg Empire was a decisive moment for its economic and social evolution. The measures taken by the new administration, right after 1775, created the basis for a rapid economic development, which had positive effects on the standard of living and the quality of life in the region. The administrative reform, the transformation of the legal system, the investments in infrastructure, the new fiscal rules, as well as all the other economic policies which were promoted, generated a considerable economic progress. However, we shouldn’t omit the contribution of the human factor, the period analyzed in this paper being characterized by deep demographic transformations. Economically, after the occupation of the province, Bukovina underwent spectacular transformation, stimulated by the development of infrastructure and by the influx of specialists from other parts of the empire, as well as by the new opportunities offered by the market and the State’s policies promoting certain fields of activity. Industry recorded the most spectacular growth, the most dynamic industries being breweries, distilleries, milling, logging, the production of glass and paper etc. At the same time, the discovery of some pitch pits, salt water springs and peat deposits spurred the development of other industries.

Suggested Citation

  • Liviu-George MAHA & Gabriel DONICI & Sorin-Ştefan MAHA, 2010. "The Economic Development Of Bukovina (I) The First Period Of Austrian Rule: 1774 - 1849," Review of Economic and Business Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, issue 6, pages 223-241, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:aic:revebs:y:2011:i:6:mahal

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    economic growth; reforms; immigration; values; mentalities; integration; economic development;

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • N13 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • N33 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • N43 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe


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