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El «dividendo de la paz». Defensa, economía y gasto social en la España de la segunda mitad del siglo XX

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  • José Jurado Sánchez

    (Departamento de Historia e Instituciones Económicas I, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, España)

Abstract

An attempt is made to determine whether the reduction of military spending in the second half of the twentieth century in Spain generated economic and social benefits like those in other countries. For this aim, a series of constant prices has been constructed using the GDP, GFCF, budget balance, national debt, military spending, education spending, health spending and the other main social sector expenditures. The comparison of these series show that a peace dividend existed, particularly from the establishment of democracy onwards. Between 1950-1975 and 1976-2000 periods, military costs (defence spending as percentage of GDP) declined by a factor of 4, while social sector expenditures, especially health and education, increased by a factor of 3. KEY Classification-JEL: H51. H52. H53. H56. N40. N44

Suggested Citation

  • José Jurado Sánchez, 2018. "El «dividendo de la paz». Defensa, economía y gasto social en la España de la segunda mitad del siglo XX," Investigaciones de Historia Económica - Economic History Research (IHE-EHR), Journal of the Spanish Economic History Association, Asociación Española de Historia Económica, vol. 14(02), pages 118-126.
  • Handle: RePEc:ahe:invest:v:14:y:2018:i:02:p:118-126
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    Keywords

    Dividendo de la paz. Gasto social. Gasto militar. Inversión y crecimiento;

    JEL classification:

    • H51 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Health
    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
    • H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs
    • H56 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - National Security and War
    • N40 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • N44 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Europe: 1913-

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