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Contra la virtud de pedir… Barreras administrativas a la difusión de tractores en España: 1950-1960


  • Ernesto Clar

    () (Universidad de Zaragoza)


The mechanization of the Spanish countryside after 1950 has been traditionally understood as a process of induced innovation, a result of rural exodus which put up the price of labour. For this same reason, this process it has been thought to take off only during the 1960s. This article highlights the importance in the incorporation of tractors already in the fifties, despite the existence of strong administrative barriers for their acquisition. In contrast to the significance usually given to the change in agricultural wages, this work emphasizes the negative trend in relative prices (partly due to the Franco’s regime price policy) as the principal stimulus for the Spanish mechanization during the decade of 1950.Nevertheless, the serious foreign difficulties of the Spanish economy hindered the purchase of tractors, subjecting it to an administrative complex network for the distribution of the equipment. This article explains such network, as well as the different capacity showed by the Spanish provinces, depending on the ability of actors and institutions to maneuver in that scenario. KEY Classification-JEL: N54, Q16, Q18

Suggested Citation

  • Ernesto Clar, 2009. "Contra la virtud de pedir… Barreras administrativas a la difusión de tractores en España: 1950-1960," Investigaciones de Historia Económica (IHE) Journal of the Spanish Economic History Association, Asociacion Espa–ola de Historia Economica, vol. 5(01), pages 97-132.
  • Handle: RePEc:ahe:invest:v:05:y:2009:i:01:p:97-132

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    More about this item


    Tractors; Franco’s regime; Policies; Institutions; Innovation;

    JEL classification:

    • N54 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - Europe: 1913-
    • Q16 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy


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