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Fed Cattle Profit Determinants Under Grid Pricing

Author

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  • McDonald, R. Allen
  • Schroeder, Ted C.

Abstract

This study determines the relative effects of price, cattle quality, and feeding performance factors on profit per head for fed cattle marketed via a grid structure. Two different data sets of cattle that were marketed in two different grid pricing systems are used in the analysis with comparisons of results made between grids. Grid base price and feeder cattle price are the most important determinants of profit over time in both grids. However, considering only nonprice variables, the cumulative quality of cattle in a pen is also an important profit determinant.

Suggested Citation

  • McDonald, R. Allen & Schroeder, Ted C., 2003. "Fed Cattle Profit Determinants Under Grid Pricing," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 35(01), April.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:joaaec:37836
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Brorsen, B. Wade & Lehenbauer, Terry & Ji, Dasheng & Connor, Joe, 2002. "Economic Impacts of Banning Subtherapeutic Use of Antibiotics in Swine Production," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 34(03), pages 489-500, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Tang, Minfeng & Lewis, Karen E. & Griffith, Andrew P. & Boyer, Christopher N., 2016. "Identifying Factors that Impact Returns to Retained Ownership of Cattle," 2016 Annual Meeting, February 6-9, 2016, San Antonio, Texas 229766, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    2. Ward, Clement E., 2005. "Supply Effects on Price Discovery and Pricing Choice for Fed Cattle," 2005 Conference, April 18-19, 2005, St. Louis, Missouri 19034, NCR-134 Conference on Applied Commodity Price Analysis, Forecasting, and Market Risk Management.
    3. Ardian Harri & John Michael Riley & John D. Anderson & Keith H. Coble, 2009. "Managing economic risk in value-based marketing of fed cattle," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 40(3), pages 295-306, May.
    4. Scott W. Fausti & Zhiguang Wang & Bashir A. Qasmi & Matthew A. Diersen, 2014. "Risk and marketing behavior: pricing fed cattle on a grid," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 45(5), pages 601-612, September.
    5. Johnson, Heather C. & Ward, Clement E., 2006. "Impact of Beef Quality on Market Signals Transmitted by Grid Pricing," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 38(01), April.
    6. Smith, Jenna M., 2007. "Hedonic Pricing of Bulls," SS-AAEA Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    7. Parcell, Joseph L. & Schaefer, Daniel & Patterson, David J. & John, Mike & Kerley, Monty S. & Haden, Kent, 2008. "Assessing the Value of Coordinated Sire Genetics in a Synchronized AI Program," 2008 Conference, April 21-22, 2008, St. Louis, Missouri 37618, NCCC-134 Conference on Applied Commodity Price Analysis, Forecasting, and Market Risk Management.
    8. Fausti, Scott W. & Qasmi, Bashir A. & Diersen, Matthew A., 2008. "The Efficacy of the Grid Marketing Channel for Fed Cattle," 2008 Annual Meeting, February 2-6, 2008, Dallas, Texas 6884, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    9. Fausti, Scott & Diersen, Matthew & Qasmi, Bashir & Adamson, Bill, 2015. "The Influence of Market Power and Market Trends on Grid Market Signals," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 40(1), January.
    10. Philippe Marcoul & John Lawrence, 2007. "Grader Bias in Cattle Markets? Evidence from Iowa," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 89(4), pages 890-903.
    11. Fausti, Scott & Qasmi, Bashir & Diersen, Matt, 2008. "Grid Marketing and Beef Carcass Quality: A Discussion of Issues and Trends," Staff Papers 080003, South Dakota State University, Department of Economics.
    12. Fausti, Scott W. & Wang, Gerald & Diersen, Matthew A. & Qasmi, Bashir A., 2012. "Pricing Fed Cattle on a Grid: An Analysis of the Incentive Mechanism over Time," 2012 Annual Meeting, February 4-7, 2012, Birmingham, Alabama 119670, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    13. Janzen, Matthew & Coatney, Kalyn & Rivera, Daniel & Harri, Ardian & Busby, Darrell & Groves, Matt, "undated". "Fed Cattle Marketing: A Field Experiment," 2017 Annual Meeting, February 4-7, 2017, Mobile, Alabama 252844, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    14. Ward, Clement E., 2005. "Factors Influencing the Extent of Grid Pricing of Fed Cattle," 2005 Conference, April 18-19, 2005, St. Louis, Missouri 19035, NCR-134 Conference on Applied Commodity Price Analysis, Forecasting, and Market Risk Management.
    15. Avent, R. Keith & Ward, Clement E. & Lalman, David L., 2004. "Market Valuation of Preconditioning Feeder Calves," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 36(01), April.
    16. Ward, Clement E. & Carlberg, Jared G. & Brocklebank, Andrea, 2007. "Comparing Canadian and U.S. Cattle Feeding Pricing Practices and Perceptions of Pricing Issues," CAFRI: Current Agriculture, Food and Resource Issues, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society, issue 08.
    17. Perry, William R. & Marsh, Thomas & Jones, Rodney & Sanderson, M.W. & Sargeant, J.M. & Griffin, D.D. & Smith, R.A., 2007. "Joint product management strategies for E. coli O157 and feedlot profits," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(5-6), pages 544-565.
    18. Dhoubhadel, Sunil P. & Stockton, Matthew C., 2013. "Economic Differences Among Beef Production Systems Of The Nebraska Sandhills," 2013 Annual Meeting, February 2-5, 2013, Orlando, Florida 142743, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    19. Hueth, Brent & Marcoul, Philippe & Lawrence, John D., 2007. "Grader Bias in Cattle Markets? Evidence from Iowa," ISU General Staff Papers 200701010800001374, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    cattle feeding profit; grid pricing; robust regression; L15; Q12; Q13;

    JEL classification:

    • L15 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Information and Product Quality
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness

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