IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Zur Akzeptanz von gentechnisch verändertem Saatgut in der deutschen Landwirtschaft

  • Voss, Julian
  • Spiller, Achim
  • Enneking, Ulrich
Registered author(s):

    Die Grüne Gentechnik ist ein in der deutschen und auch europäischen Landwirtschaft kontrovers diskutiertes Themengebiet. Unabhängig von dem globalen Bedeutungszuwachs – in 2006 wurde auf 102 Millionen Hektar gentechnisch verändertes Saatgut eingesetzt – hat GV-Saatgut in der deutschen Landwirtschaft fast keine Bedeutung. In 2008 wurde in Deutschland erstmals Bt-Mais kommerziell angebaut. Vor diesem Hintergrund analysiert der vorliegende Beitrag Einstellungen und Handlungsabsichten von Landwirten auf Basis eines Strukturgleichungsmodells. Als Grundlage dient eine Befragung bei 370 deutschen Landwirten in Nordwestdeutschland, die größer strukturierte Betriebe bewirtschaften. In der Stichprobe kann insgesamt keine grundsätzliche Ablehnung der Grünen Gentechnik festgestellt werden. Ein Strukturgleichungsmodel gibt Hinweise auf wichtige Faktoren, die die Einstellung und Handlungsabsicht der Landwirte erklären. Die generelle Einstellung wird maßgeblich durch die Handhabbarkeit des GV-Saatguts (d. h. die Integrationsfähigkeit in betriebliche Abläufe und Vertriebswege), die Akzeptanz im Umfeld (Familie, Dorfgemeinschaft) und durch die Einschätzung der wirtschaftlichen Vorteilhaftigkeit erklärt. Bei der konkreten Handlungsabsicht sind die generelle Einstellung zur Gentechnik, der wirtschaftliche Druck und die Akzeptanz im räumlichen Umfeld von hoher Bedeutung. The use of genetically modified seeds is a controversially discussed topic. Regardless of the increased global significance – in 2006 genetically modified (GM) seeds were used on 102 billion hectares – GM seeds have almost no importance in German agriculture. However, the market introduction of Bt-corn is in its first stage. This article analyses attitudes and intentions of German farmers. The results are based on a survey of 370 German farmers which own larger structured farms in the northwest of Germany. The sample shows no clear rejection of GM seeds. A structural equation model reveals important parameters influencing the attitude and intention concerning green genetic engineering. The attitude may be explained by the acceptance within the social environment (family, village community) and by the assessment of the economic advantages. The planned behaviour is mainly influenced by the general attitude towards genetic engineering, the economic environment and by the social environment.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Article provided by Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Department for Agricultural Economics in its journal German Journal of Agricultural Economics.

    Volume (Year): 58 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:ags:gjagec:134179
    Contact details of provider: Postal: Philippstr. 13, 10115 Berlin
    Phone: +49 (0)30 2093 6305
    Fax: +49 (0)30 2093 6497
    Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:gjagec:134179. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.