IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Improving Milk Yield Performance of Crossbred Cattle in North-Eastern States of India


  • Paul, Debabrata
  • Chandel, B.S.


Crossbreds hold the solution to the milk-deficit problem of North-Eastern states of India. The proportion of crossbred cattle in the region is 7.54 per cent (3.46 per cent of the country) as against 13.33 per cent for the country as a whole. However, the productivity of crossbred cattle has been found considerably low (4.8 L/day) in the region as against the all-India average of 6.4 L/day of milk yield. Yield gap analysis has been applied to find out the intra-regional milk yield gaps and the factors that could be addressed in the short-run to make-up the deficit. Based on the analysis, it has been identified that the major factors affecting the milk yield of crossbred animals in the N-E states are the technological and socio-economic constraints, which could be addressed by adopting improved management practices, better feeding practices, controlling of diseases and amelioration of the socio-economic conditions of the farmers through training, education and enhancing access to the funds. Addressal of these constraints will increase actual milk yield by about 66 per cent, sufficient enough to meet the deficit of milk requirement in the region. Category-wise yield gap analysis has shown that the highest increase in milk yield will be obtained on medium category households. The factors significantly affecting the milk yield at the household level are allocation of human-days per animal, expenditure on concentrate, economic status of the farmer and availability of the green fodder in the surroundings. While no major breakthrough is expected immediately, improvement in these factors would meet the milk deficit in the region.

Suggested Citation

  • Paul, Debabrata & Chandel, B.S., 2010. "Improving Milk Yield Performance of Crossbred Cattle in North-Eastern States of India," Agricultural Economics Research Review, Agricultural Economics Research Association (India), vol. 23(1).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aerrae:92096

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Paul, Debabrata & Chandel, B.S. & Ray, Jui, 2013. "Quantity and Value of Milk Losses Due to Technical Constraints - A Case of Crossbred Cows in North-Eastern States of India," Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Indian Society of Agricultural Economics, vol. 68(4).

    More about this item


    Agricultural and Food Policy;


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:aerrae:92096. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.