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Why Countries Have Both Subsidized and Free Condoms to Prevent HIV/AIDS: the Role of Stigma Mitigation


  • Robert J. Brent

    () (Fordham University)


This article explains why it is necessary to have both a free condoms program and a price subsidized Condom Social Marketing (CSM) program to encourage the use of condoms to prevent HIV/AIDS. One program is to aid the poor and the second is to avoid moral hazard and the stigma of being sexually active. The theory is applied to Tanzania to explain who goes to free clinics and who goes to the CSM program. A Probit analysis was applied using data from a Population Services International survey of condom use. Ability to pay measures and stigma aversion proxies were found to be statistically significant.

Suggested Citation

  • Robert J. Brent, 2010. "Why Countries Have Both Subsidized and Free Condoms to Prevent HIV/AIDS: the Role of Stigma Mitigation," Journal of African Development, African Finance and Economic Association, vol. 12(2), pages 61-71.
  • Handle: RePEc:afe:journl:v:12:y:2010:i:2:p:61-71

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    Cited by:

    1. Terris-Prestholt, Fern & Windmeijer, Frank, 2016. "How to sell a condom? The impact of demand creation tools on male and female condom sales in resource limited settings," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 107-120.
    2. Robert J. Brent, 2010. "Setting Priorities for HIV/AIDS Interventions," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 12742.


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