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Wage Divergence and Unemployment: The Impact of Wage Setting Power and Training Costs

Author

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  • Joan Muysken
  • Thomas Zwick

Abstract

Der technologische Wandel erhöht den Weiterbildungsbedarf aller Beschäftigten, die in qualifizierten Arbeitsplätzen tätig sein wollen. Dieser Beitrag identifiziert die für die Weiterbildung anfallenden Kosten als eine der treibenden Kräfte für Lohnspreizung und Arbeitslosigkeit in Zeiten qualifikationsverzerrten technischen Fortschritts. Unser theoretisches Modell erklärt die höheren und steigenden Lohnaufschläge für qualifizierte Beschäftigte und die niedrigere Mismatcharbeitslosigkeit in den USA im Vergleich zu Deutschland mit der höheren Lohnsetzungsmacht dieser Beschäftigtengruppe. Qualifizierte Beschäftigte in den USA können höhere Löhne fordern ohne ihre Arbeitsstelle zu gefährden, weil die notwendigen Weiterbildungskosten von niedriger qualifizierten Mitarbeitern für qualifizierte Arbeiten höher sind als in Deutschland.

Suggested Citation

  • Joan Muysken & Thomas Zwick, 2006. "Wage Divergence and Unemployment: The Impact of Wage Setting Power and Training Costs," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 126(1), pages 1-19.
  • Handle: RePEc:aeq:aeqsjb:v126_y2006_i1_q1_p1-19
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:rim:rimwps:13-07 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Addison, John T. & Teixeira, Paulino & Zwick, Thomas, 2006. "Works Councils and the Anatomy of Wages," IZA Discussion Papers 2474, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. John T. Addison & Paulino Teixeira & Thomas Zwick, 2010. "German Works Councils and the Anatomy of Wages," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 63(2), pages 247-270, January.
    4. John T. Addison & Paulino Teixeira & Thomas Zwick, 2006. "The Impact of Works Councils on Wages," GEMF Working Papers 2006-08, GEMF, Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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