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Technologieorientierte Industrien und Unternehmen: Alternative Definitionen

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  • Nerlinger, Eric A.
  • Berger, Georg
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    Abstract

    During the last years more and more discussions came up about the contribution of technology-oriented and technology-intensive industries for employment and economic development. One reason for some of the contradictory evaluations of technology-intensive industries can be attributed to different conceptual definitions of technology and high-technology. This paper examines various definitions of high-technology, ranging from input factors, output factors, mixed input-output factors. subjective evaluations to definitions, based on employment or turnover growth. After characterizing the advantages and disadvantages of each factor, relevant definitions of high-technology are then discussed in detail. One finding of this overview is, that there's a huge mass of definitions which make more or less sense, depending on the underlying data, definitions and thresholds. --

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 95-20.

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    Date of creation: 1995
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:9520

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    References

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    1. Mahmood, Talat, 1991. "Does the hazard rate for new plants vary between low- and high-tech industries?," Discussion Papers, various Research Units FS IV 91-28, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    2. Zvi Griliches, 1991. "Patent Statistics as Economic Indicators: A Survey," NBER Working Papers 3301, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Mansfield, Edwin, 1985. "How Rapidly Does New Industrial Technology Leak Out?," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34(2), pages 217-23, December.
    4. repec:fth:harver:1473 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Richard C. Levin & Alvin K. Klevorick & Richard R. Nelson & Sidney G. Winter, 1987. "Appropriating the Returns from Industrial Research and Development," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 18(3), pages 783-832.
    6. Archibugi, Daniele & Pianta, Mario, 1992. "Specialization and size of technological activities in industrial countries: The analysis of patent data," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 79-93, February.
    7. Flaig, Gebhard & Steiner, Viktor, 1993. "Searching for the "Productivity Slowdown": Some Surprising Findings from West German Manufacturing," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 75(1), pages 57-65, February.
    8. Devinney, Timothy M., 1993. "How well do patents measure new product activity?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 447-450.
    9. Felder, Johannes & Harhoff, Dietmar & Licht, Georg & Nerlinger, Eric A. & Stahl, Harald, 1994. "Innovationsverhalten der deutschen Wirtschaft: Ergebnisse der Innovationserhebung 1993," ZEW Dokumentationen 94-01, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    10. Palda, Kristian S., 1986. "Technological intensity: Concept and measurement," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 187-198, August.
    11. Acs, Zoltan J. & Audretsch, David B., 1987. "Innovation in large and small firms," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 109-112.
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    Cited by:
    1. Licht, Georg & Stahl, Harald, 1997. "Ergebnisse der Innovationserhebung 1996," ZEW Dokumentationen 97-07, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    2. Nerlinger, Eric A., 1996. "Firm formation in high-tech industries: empirical results for Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 96-07, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    3. Licht, Georg & Schnell, Wolfgang & Stahl, Harald, 1996. "Ergebnisse der Innovationserhebung 1995," ZEW Dokumentationen 96-05, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    4. Licht, Georg & Nerlinger, Eric A., 1997. "New Technology-Based Firms in Germany: A Survey of the Recent Evidence," ZEW Discussion Papers 97-18, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    5. Voigt, Eva, 1997. "Technische Universität als regionales Innovationspotential: Auswertung einer Unternehmensbefragung in der Region Ilmenau," Ilmenau Economics Discussion Papers 11, Ilmenau University of Technology, Institute of Economics.

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