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Wirksamkeit von Arbeitsbeschaffungsmaßnahmen in Deutschland: Empirische Befunde mikroökonometrischer Analysen

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  • Hujer, Reinhard
  • Thomsen, Stephan L.

Abstract

In einer Reihe empirischer Studien sind die Wirkungen von Arbeitsbeschaffungsmaßnahmen (ABM) für Teilnehmer in Deutschland nach unterschiedlichen Gesichtspunkten mikroökonometrisch evaluiert worden. Auf der Grundlage der vorliegenden Ergebnisse soll die Wirksamkeit der Maßnahmen in Hinblick auf die gesetzlich formulierten Ziele beurteilt werden. Hierzu werden die empirische Resultate der verschiedenen Studien zusammengefasst und kritisch diskutiert. Besonders detailliert werden zwei aktuelle Studien präsentiert, in denen die Wirkungen von ABM unter Verwendung eines in Umfang und Informationsgehalt bisher einmaligen Datensatzes analysiert werden. In der Beurteilung wird zum einen deutlich, dass sich die Studien an der Hauptzielsetzung von ABM orientieren und sekundäre Ziele weitgehend nicht betrachtet werden. Zum anderen ist klar feststellbar, dass ABM nicht pauschal, sondern differenziert bewertet werden müssen. So sind die Maßnahmen für einige explizite Zielgruppen nützlich, während sie die Chancen der Mehrzahl der teilnehmenden Personen am Arbeitsmarkt reduzieren. --

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 06-54.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:5448

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References

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  1. Hujer, Reinhard & Thomsen, Stephan L., 2006. "How do employment effects of job creation schemes differ with respect to the foregoing unemployment duration?," ZEW Discussion Papers 06-47, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  2. Marco Caliendo & Reinhard Hujer & Stephan L. Thomsen, 2006. "Sectoral Heterogeneity in the Employment Effects of Job Creation Schemes in Germany," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 226(2), pages 139-179, March.
  3. Eichler, Martin & Lechner, Michael, 1999. "An Evaluation of Public Employment Programmes in the East German State of Sachsen-Anhalt," IZA Discussion Papers 94, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Jaap H. Abbring & Gerard J. van den Berg, 2003. "The Nonparametric Identification of Treatment Effects in Duration Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(5), pages 1491-1517, 09.
  5. Fredriksson, Peter & Johansson, Per, 2004. "Dynamic Treatment Assignment – The Consequences for Evaluations Using Observational Data," IZA Discussion Papers 1062, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Caliendo, Marco & Hujer, Reinhard & Thomsen, Stephan L., 2005. "Identifying effect heterogeneity to improve the efficiency of job creation schemes in Germany," IAB Discussion Paper 200508, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  7. Fitzenberger, Bernd & Speckesser, Stefan, 2000. "Zur wissenschaftlichen Evaluation der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Deutschland: Ein Überblick," ZEW Discussion Papers 00-06, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  8. James J. Heckman & Edward J. Vytlacil, 2000. "Instrumental Variables, Selection Models, and Tight Bounds on the Average Treatment Effect," NBER Technical Working Papers 0259, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Kraus, Florian & Puhani, Patrick A. & Steiner, Viktor, 1998. "Do public works programs work? Some unpleasant results from the East German experience," ZEW Discussion Papers 98-07, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  10. Caliendo, Marco & Hujer, Reinhard & Thomsen, Stephan Lothar, 2005. "The Employment Effects of Job Creation Schemes in Germany: A Microeconometric Evaluation," IZA Discussion Papers 1512, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  11. Eva Reinowski & Birgit Schultz & Jürgen Wiemers, 2003. "Evaluation von Maßnahmen der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik mit Hilfe eines iterativen Matching-Algorithmus - Eine Fallstudie über langzeitarbeitslose Maßnahmeteilnehmer in Sachsen," IWH Discussion Papers 173, Halle Institute for Economic Research.
  12. Sianesi, Barbara, 2001. "An evaluation of the active labour market programmes in Sweden," Working Paper Series 2001:5, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  13. Annette Bergemann & Birgit Schultz, 2000. "Effizienz von Qualifizierungs- und Arbeitsbeschaffungsmaßnahmen in Ostdeutschland," Wirtschaft im Wandel, Halle Institute for Economic Research, vol. 6(9), pages 243-253.
  14. Fertig, Michael & Schmidt, Christoph M., 2000. "Discretionary Measures of Active Labor Market Policy: The German Employment Promotion Reform in Perspective," IZA Discussion Papers 182, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  15. Hujer, Reinhard & Caliendo, Marco & Thomsen, Stephan Lothar, 2003. "New Evidence on the Effects of Job Creation Schemes in Germany - A Matching Approach with Threefold Heterogeneity," IZA Discussion Papers 750, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  16. Calmfors, Lars, 1995. "Labour market policy and unemployment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(3-4), pages 583-592, April.
  17. Brinkmann, Christian & Caliendo, Marco & Hujer, Reinhard & Thomsen, Stephan L., 2006. "Zielgruppenspezifische Evaluation von Arbeitsbeschaffungsmaßnahmen : Gewinner und Verlierer," IAB-Forschungsbericht 200605, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  18. Caliendo, Marco & Hujer, Reinhard & Thomsen, Stephan L., 2004. "Evaluation der Eingliederungseffekte von Arbeitsbeschaffungsmaßnahmen in reguläre Beschäftigung für Teilnehmer in Deutschland," ZEW Discussion Papers 04-46, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Fitzenberger, Bernd, 2008. "Nach der Reform ist vor der Reform? Eine arbeitsökonomische Analyse ausgewählter Aspekte der Hartz-Reformen," ZEW Discussion Papers 08-011, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  2. Wolff, Joachim & Hohmeyer, Katrin, 2011. "Direct job creation revisited: Is it effective for welfare recipients and does it matter whether participants receive a wage?," Annual Conference 2011 (Frankfurt, Main): The Order of the World Economy - Lessons from the Crisis 48722, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.

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