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Aushandlung nach innen, Legitimation nach außen: Leibniz-Institute im Spannungsfeld zwischen Forschung und Anwendung


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  • Mevissen, Natalie
  • Böttcher, Julia
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    In den letzten fünfzehn Jahren ist das Wissenschaftssystem erheblich in Bewegung geraten. Einen Aspekt unter vielen bildet dabei die wissenschaftspolitische Forderung nach verstärkter Verwertungsorientierung öffentlicher Forschungsergebnisse. Fehlende Erfolge im Wissens- und Technologietransfer in öffentlichen Forschungseinrichtungen werden aus wissenschaftspolitischer Sicht meist als ein Praxisproblem gesehen, das die Institutsleitung lösen kann, indem sie, gleich einer Firma, eine spezifische Transferkultur in der Organisation etabliert. Das hier vorliegende Papier reflektiert Transferaktivitäten in der Leibniz-Gemeinschaft. Auf Makro- wie auf Mikroebene wurden überwiegend wirtschaftliche Aktivitäten in technologieorientierten Instituten der Leibniz-Gemeinschaft untersucht. Aus einer organisationssoziologischen Perspektive zeigt sich, dass auch in vermeintlich transfernahen Leibniz-Instituten konfligierende Erwartungen und Handlungsorientierungen zum Tragen kommen, die auf der Organisationsebene in Form unterschiedlicher Strategien austariert werden müssen. Die damit verbundenen Implikationen für die Institute und die Leibniz-Gemeinschaft werden am Ende des Papers diskutiert. -- In the last 15 years, there have been considerable changes in Germany's science system. One of the demands made by science policy makers of research organizations is more commercialization of the research results. The lack of success in this field is often interpretated by science policy as a practical problem that can be solved when institutes (directors) establish an organizational culture which supports technology transfer activities. This paper discusses out of a macro and micro perspective in organizational sociology technology transfer processes in rather technology oriented institutes of the Leibniz-Association. It is shown that these institutes are exposed to different expectations and orientations (of actions) from their institutional environments which cause conflicts they have to manage within the institutes. The negotiation processes to balance different interests in the institutes are reflected in this paper as well as its possible implications for the institutes and the Leibniz-Association.

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    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Group Science Policy Studies with number SP III 2011-602.

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    Date of creation: 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbsps:spiii2011602

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    1. Hall, Peter A. & Taylor, Rosemary C. R., 1996. "Political science and the three new institutionalisms," MPIfG Discussion Paper 96/6, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
    2. Perkmann, Markus & King, Zella & Pavelin, Stephen, 2011. "Engaging excellence? Effects of faculty quality on university engagement with industry," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(4), pages 539-552, May.
    3. Bozeman, Barry, 2000. "Technology transfer and public policy: a review of research and theory," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(4-5), pages 627-655, April.
    4. Zellner, Christian, 2003. "The economic effects of basic research: evidence for embodied knowledge transfer via scientists' migration," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(10), pages 1881-1895, December.
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