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Ausreifung von Politikfeldern - Metapher oder Theorie?

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  • Noweski, Michael
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    Abstract

    Sozialwissenschaftler verwenden nicht selten die Metapher der Evolution, um Transformationsprozesse verschiedener Gegenstände, z.B. Volkswirtschaften, zu beschreiben. Obgleich auch Politikfelder Wandlungen unterliegen, existiert in der Politikwissenschaft bisher keine Theorie, die geeignet wäre, diesen Veränderungsprozess darzustellen. Gleichwohl unterscheiden einige Autoren junge und alte Politikfelder. Die vorliegende Analyse politikwissenschaftlicher Beiträge zeigt, dass in der Literatur vier Modelle der Ausreifung von Politikfeldern zumindest implizit verwendet werden. Die Autoren bewerten diesen Wandel stets als positiv. Am Ende der Entwicklung scheinen politische Kompromisse oder andere begrüßenswerte Ergebnisse zu stehen. Der Aufsatz plädiert dafür, eine Theorie zu entwickeln, mit deren Hilfe die Transformation von Politikfeldern als Reifeprozess dargestellt werden kann. -- Occasionally social scientists use the metaphor of evolution to describe transformation processes in different fields, e.g. of national economies. Although policy subsystems also change there does not yet exist any political science theory to pinpoint this process of change. Nevertheless, some authors distinguish between "young" and "old" policies. An analysis of political science texts reveals that at least implicitly four models of the maturing of policies are being used. Authors always consider such changes as positive. It seems that, in the end, such developments lead to political compromise or other desirable outcomes. This essay pleads for the generation of a theory allowing to describe the transformation of policies as a process of maturing.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Group Public Health with number SP I 2008-304.

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    Date of creation: 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbhea:spi2008304

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    1. Geroski, Paul, 2003. "The Evolution of New Markets," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780199248896, October.
    2. Jacobsson, Staffan & Lauber, Volkmar, 2006. "The politics and policy of energy system transformation--explaining the German diffusion of renewable energy technology," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 256-276, February.
    3. Zweynert, Joachim, 2007. "How can the History of Economic thought Contribute to an Understanding of Institutional Change?," Journal of the History of Economic Thought, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, vol. 29(02), pages 189-211, June.
    4. Wohlgemuth, Michael, 2002. "Evolutionary Approaches to Politics," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(2), pages 223-46.
    5. Danny Miller & Peter H. Friesen, 1984. "A Longitudinal Study of the Corporate Life Cycle," Management Science, INFORMS, INFORMS, vol. 30(10), pages 1161-1183, October.
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