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European flexicurity: concepts (operational definitions), methodology (monitoring instruments), and policies (consistent implementations)

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  • Tangian, Andranik
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    Abstract

    The notion of flexicurity promotes the idea of compensation of labour market deregulation (= flexibilization) with advantages in employment and social security. The paper contains a brief history of the concept and its operational definition. To monitor effects of flexicurity policies in Europe, flexicurity indicators are constructed. The European flexicurity polices are analyzed in the neo-liberal perspective, from the trade-unionist viewpoint, and within the conception of European welfare state. The empirical investigation shows that, contrary to political promises and theoretical considerations, the deregulation of European labour markets is absolutely predominating. A contradiction between several European employment policies is suggested to surmount by introducing a so called flexinsurance, meaning that the employer's contribution to social security should be proportional to the flexibility of the contract/risk of becoming unemployed in conjunction with elements of the basic minimum income model. -- Das Konzept Flexicurity umfasst die Kompensation der Arbeitsmarktderegulierung (= Flexibilisierung) durch Fortschritte in der Beschäftigungssicherheit und sozialen Sicherheit. Um die Flexicurity-Politiken in Europa nachzuvollziehen, werden Flexicurity-Indikatoren entwickelt. Die europäischen Flexicurity-Politiken werden in der neo-liberalen Perspektive, vom gewerkschaftlichen Standpunkt und im Rahmen der Konzeption des europäischen Wohlfahrtsstaates analysiert. Die empirische Studie zeigt, dass entgegen politischer Versprechungen und theoretischer Betrachtungen die Deregulierung der europäischen Arbeitsmärkte absolut dominiert. Um den politischen Widerspruch zu beseitigen, wird eine so genannte Flexinsurance (= Flexicurity-Versicherung) vorgeschlagen. Der Beitragsanteil des Arbeitgebers zu den sozialen Kassen soll proportional zu der Flexibilität des Arbeitsvertrages und dem entsprechenden Risiko der Arbeitslosigkeit gebildet werden.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliches Institut (WSI), Hans-Böckler-Stiftung in its series WSI Discussion Papers with number 148.

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    Date of creation: 2006
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wsidps:148

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    Keywords: Flexicurity; Arbeitsmarktflexibilität; soziale Sicherheit; zusammengesetzte Indikatoren; flexicurity; labour market flexibility; social security; composite indicators;

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    1. Olivier Blanchard & Jean Tirole, 2004. "The Optimal Design of Unemployment Insurance and Employment Protection. A First Pass," NBER Working Papers 10443, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Berndt Keller & Hartmut Seifert, 2005. "Atypical Employment and Flexicurity," management revue. Socio-economic Studies, Rainer Hampp Verlag, vol. 16(3), pages 304-323.
    3. Mau, Steffen, 2001. "Patterns of popular support for the welfare state: a comparison of the United Kingdom and Germany," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Social Structure and Social Reporting FS III 01-405, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    4. Pissarides, Christopher A., 2001. "Employment protection," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 131-159, May.
    5. Willem Adema & Maxime Ladaique, 2005. "Net Social Expenditure, 2005 Edition: More Comprehensive Measures of Social Support," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 29, OECD Publishing.
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