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Behavioral dividend policy

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  • Gürtler, Marc
  • Hartmann, Nora
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    Abstract

    In this paper we develop an optimal dividend policy in the presence of limited rational inves-tors. Concretely, investors with mental accounts for dividends and stock prices as well as emotions like disappointment and elation embody the limited rationality. Furthermore, investors evaluate changes in wealth instead of final wealth. A management maximizing investors' modified utility results in the optimality of dividend payments as well as dividend smoothing, which both have long been puz-zles to financial theorists. Moreover, a model specification leads to a gradual dividend adjustment to changes in net earnings as described by Lintner (1956). --

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Technische Universität Braunschweig, Institute of Finance in its series Working Papers with number FW04V1.

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    Date of creation: 2003
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:tbsifw:fw04v1

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    Related research

    Keywords: dividend policy; dividend smoothing; behavioral finance;

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    5. Fudenberg, Drew & Tirole, Jean, 1995. "A Theory of Income and Dividend Smoothing Based on Incumbency Rents," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 103(1), pages 75-93, February.
    6. Kao, Chihwa & Wu, Chunchi, 1994. "Tests of Dividend Signaling Using the Marsh-Merton Model: A Generalized Friction Approach," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 67(1), pages 45-68, January.
    7. Miller, Merton H, 1986. "Behavioral Rationality in Finance: The Case of Dividends," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 59(4), pages S451-68, October.
    8. Thaler, Richard H & Shefrin, H M, 1981. "An Economic Theory of Self-Control," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 89(2), pages 392-406, April.
    9. Baker, H Kent & Veit, E Theodore & Powell, Gary E, 2001. "Factors Influencing Dividend Policy Decisions of NASDAQ Firms," The Financial Review, Eastern Finance Association, vol. 36(3), pages 19-37, August.
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    14. Pruitt, Stephen W & Gitman, Lawrence J, 1991. "The Interactions between the Investment, Financing, and Dividend Decisions of Major U.S. Firms," The Financial Review, Eastern Finance Association, vol. 26(3), pages 409-30, August.
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    16. Pan, Ming-Shiun, 2001. "Aggregate Dividend Behavior and Permanent Earnings Hypothesis," The Financial Review, Eastern Finance Association, vol. 36(1), pages 23-38, February.
    17. J. Jeffrey Inman & James S. Dyer & Jianmin Jia, 1997. "A Generalized Utility Model of Disappointment and Regret Effects on Post-Choice Valuation," Marketing Science, INFORMS, vol. 16(2), pages 97-111.
    18. Franklin Allen & Antonio E. Bernardo & Ivo Welch, 2000. "A Theory of Dividends Based on Tax Clienteles," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 55(6), pages 2499-2536, December.
    19. Merton H. Miller & Franco Modigliani, 1961. "Dividend Policy, Growth, and the Valuation of Shares," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 34, pages 411.
    20. Loomes, Graham & Sugden, Robert, 1987. "Testing for Regret and Disappointment in Choice under Uncertainty," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 97(388a), pages 118-29, Supplemen.
    21. Loomes, Graham & Sugden, Robert, 1986. "Disappointment and Dynamic Consistency in Choice under Uncertainty," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(2), pages 271-82, April.
    22. Loomes, Graham & Sugden, Robert, 1982. "Regret Theory: An Alternative Theory of Rational Choice under Uncertainty," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 92(368), pages 805-24, December.
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