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Glocalisation, foreign direct investment and regional development perspectives : empirical results for West German regions

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  • Knödler, Hermann
  • Albertshauser, Ulrich
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    Abstract

    The present paper examines the economic development perspectives of the manufacturing sector of 31 major West German regions in the process of globalisation. Public statistics do not provide FDI data on a regional basis. Therefore our study was based on indicators based on the data from the INDAT-file which gives information about some 6,500 West German manufacturing firms in 1986, 1990 and 1996. The paper draws a stylised picture of the regional structure of West German FDI involvement in the manufacturing sector. The present participation in glocalisation benefits and the mid term development perspectives showed that Hamburg, Darmstadt and Oberbayern belong to the winners of glocalisation. In order to evaluate the long term development perspectives of the industrial cores we checked which regions had far above average access to the future growing areas of the world through FDI outflows. It turned out, that Oberbayern, Stuttgart and Hamburg face the best long term perspectives. Between 1986 and 1996 disparities between the investigated regions with regard to their integration in the global division of labour through FDI-flows have decreased, especially between peripheral regions. -- Die vorliegende Studie untersucht die ökonomischen Entwicklungsperspektiven des Verarbeitenden Gewerbes von 31 westdeutschen Regionen im Globalisierungsprozess. Die amtliche Statistik liefert keine regionalen Direktinvestitionsdaten. Daher basiert die vorliegende Untersuchung auf Indikatoren der Unternehmensdatenbank INDAT, die Informationen über rund 6500 westdeutsche Industrieunternehmen für die Berichtsjahre 1986, 1990 und 1996 enthält. Die Studie zeichnet ein Bild der regionalen Verteilung des Direktinvestitionsengagements im westdeutschen Verarbeitenden Gewerbe. Die gegenwärtige Partizipation an den Glokalisierungsgewinnen und die mittelfristigen Entwicklungsperspektiven zeigen, dass die Regionen Hamburg, Darmstadt und Oberbayern zu den Gewinnern der Glokalisierung gehören. Um die langfristigen Entwicklungsperspektiven industrieller Kerne im Glokalisierungsprozess zu bewerten, untersuchen wir den Marktzugang zu den zukünftigen globalen Wachstumsregionen durch Direktinvestitionen. Hier zeigte sich, dass die Regionen Oberbayern, Stuttgart und Hamburg die besten langfristigen Entwicklungsperspektiven aufweisen. Zwischen 1986 und 1996 haben sich die Disparitäten zwischen den untersuchten Regionen hinsichtlich ihrer Integration in die internationale Arbeitsteilung durch Direktinvestitionsströme verringert, insbesondere zwischen peripheren Regionen.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA) in its series HWWA Discussion Papers with number 117.

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    Date of creation: 2001
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:hwwadp:26402

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    Web page: http://www.econstor.eu/handle/10419/20
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    Keywords: Regional Development; Agglomeration; Glocalisation; Manufacturing; Foreign Direct Investment;

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    References

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    1. Krugman, Paul, 1998. "What's New about the New Economic Geography?," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 14(2), pages 7-17, Summer.
    2. Markusen, James R. & Venables, Anthony J., 1999. "Foreign direct investment as a catalyst for industrial development," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 335-356, February.
    3. Diego Puga, 1996. "The rise and fall of regional inequalities," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 20643, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    4. Eckhardt Bode, 1999. "Localized Knowledge Spillovers and Regional Employment Growth: Evidence from Germany," Kiel Working Papers 938, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
    5. Ann E. Harrison & Brian J. Aitken, 1999. "Do Domestic Firms Benefit from Direct Foreign Investment? Evidence from Venezuela," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(3), pages 605-618, June.
    6. Niebuhr, Annekatrin, 2000. "Räumliche Wachstumszusammenhänge - empirische Befunde für Deutschland," HWWA Discussion Papers 84, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
    7. Moomaw, Ronald L. & Shatter, Ali M., 1996. "Urbanization and Economic Development: A Bias toward Large Cities?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 13-37, July.
    8. Lammers, Konrad, 1999. "Europäische Integration und räumliche Entwicklungsprozesse: Wo bleibt die nationale Ebene?," HWWA Discussion Papers 75, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
    9. Krieger-Boden, Christiane, 1999. "Nationale und regionale Spezialisierungsmuster im europäischen Integrationsprozeß," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 2294, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    10. Lammers, Konrad & Stiller, Silvia, 2000. "Regionalpolitische Implikationen der neuen ökonomischen Geographie," HWWA Discussion Papers 85, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
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