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Räumliche Wachstumszusammenhänge - empirische Befunde für Deutschland

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  • Niebuhr, Annekatrin

Abstract

Die vorliegende Studie beschäftigt sich mit Wachstumsabhängigkeiten zwischen räumlich benachbarten Gebieten in Westdeutschland im Zeitraum von 1976 bis 1996. Die Hypothese für derartige Wachstumsabhängigkeiten leitet sich aus der räumlichen Dimension von Mechanismen ab, denen ein wesentlicher Einfluss auf die regionale Entwicklung beizumessen ist - wie etwa der Faktormobilität oder technologischen Spill-Over-Effekten. Die empirische Analyse westdeutscher Regionen weist auf eine erhebliche Bedeutung distanzabhängiger Wachstumszusammenhänge hin. Es lassen sich deutliche Hinweise für einen Einfluss der räumlichen Nähe auf die Intensität der Wachstumsabhängigkeiten ermitteln. Weiterhin ist festzustellen, dass regionale Ausgleichstendenzen und Wachstumszusammenhänge gemeinsam die Entwicklung im westlichen Bundesgebiet prägen. Als eine Ursache räumlicher Wachstumsabhängigkeiten sind technologische Spill-Over-Effekte einzuschätzen. Gleichzeitig weisen die Ergebnisse darauf hin, dass daneben weitere Quellen distanzabhängiger Entwicklungszusammenhängen existieren müssen. -- This study considers spatial association in growth rates of neighbouring regions in West-Germany between 1976 and 1996. The relevance of such growth relations derives from the spatial dimension of mechanisms, that are of central importance for regional development - as e.g. factor mobility or technology spill-overs. The analysis of the regional development in West-Germany points to a significant spatial association in growth rates. The results imply that spatial neighbourhood affects the intensity of growth dependencies. Notable is moreover that both the decline of regional disparities and spatial association in growth rates seem to mark the development in West-Germany simultaneously. According to the findings growth dependencies are partly caused by technology spill-overs. Though, the results also indicate that there have to be further sources of spatial association in growth.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA) in its series HWWA Discussion Papers with number 84.

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Date of creation: 2000
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:hwwadp:26191

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  1. Paul Krugman, 1990. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," NBER Working Papers 3275, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Paul Romer, 1989. "Endogenous Technological Change," NBER Working Papers 3210, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  10. Bode, Eckhardt, 1998. "Lokale Wissensdiffusion und regionale Divergenz in Deutschland," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 1038, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
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Cited by:
  1. Kowalewski, Julia, 2010. "Specialisation and employment development in Germany: Analysis at regional level," HWWI Research Papers 1-28, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).
  2. Timo Mitze, 2010. "Within and Between Panel Cointegration in the German Regional Output-Trade-FDI Nexus," Ruhr Economic Papers 0222, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
  3. Knödler, Hermann & Albertshauser, Ulrich, 2001. "Glocalisation, foreign direct investment and regional development perspectives : empirical results for West German regions," HWWA Discussion Papers 117, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
  4. Ulrich Zierahn, 2010. "The Importance of Spatial Autocorrelation for Regional Employment Growth in Germany," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201031, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
  5. Döring, Thomas, 2005. "Räumliche Externalitäten von Wissen und ihre Konsequenzen für die Ausgestaltung des Finanzausgleichs," Forschungs- und Sitzungsberichte der ARL: Aufsätze, in: Das föderative System in Deutschland: Bestandsaufnahme, Reformbedarf und Handlungsempfehlungen aus raumwissenschaftlicher Sicht, pages 93-120 Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung (ARL) - Leibniz-Forum für Raumwissenschaften.
  6. Hans-Friedrich Eckey & Reinhold Kosfeld & Matthias Türck, 2007. "Regionale Entwicklung mit und ohne räumliche Spillover-Effekte," Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer, vol. 27(1), pages 23-42, February.

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