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Why do we need a general agreement on movements of people (GAMP)?


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  • Straubhaar, Thomas


This paper argues that global games need global rules. Times of globalisation call for an international framework to regulate efficiently international movements of people. More than ever before, migration is a global phenomenon. This paper discusses the economic necessity of a shift from national migration policies to an international regime. My suggestions go into the direction of a GAMP - a General Agreement on Movements of People. This labour market analogy to the GATT (WTO) and GATS is intended to provide an international regime for the movement of people across national borders. It proceeds from the conviction that in general the free international movement of people - like the free movement of goods and capital - is beneficial to all parties involved (i.e. the migrants, the country of origin and the country of destination). Consequently, it aims first and foremost at a liberalisation of the movement of people and for general acceptance of the free entry and exit of migrants. However, it should also provide an instrument for internalising externalities provoked by international migration. To avoid brain drain effects in the sending areas and congestion effects in the receiving areas it might be wise to impose a migration fee that makes exit and entry more expensive. -- Während GATT und GATS und damit die WTO den Welthandel regulieren, und es für den internationalen Geld- und Kapitalverkehr Institutionen wie die BIZ, den IMF oder die Weltbank gibt, fehlt für den Bereich der internationalen Migration eine analoge internationale Behörde (diese Lücke vermögen auch die ILO und die IOM nicht zu füllen). Dieses Diskussionspapier deckt die ökonomische Notwendigkeit für ein GAMP (General Agreement on Movements of People) auf und skizziert dessen Inhalte. GAMP wird von der Überzeugung geleitet, dass die internationale Freizügigkeit für Arbeitskräfte genauso vorteilhaft ist wie der internationale Freihandel für Güter. Andererseits entstehen mit der internationalen Migration externe Effekte in Form eines Brain Drains im Herkunftsland und in Form von Ballungs- und Verdrängungseffekten im Aufnahmeland. Um diese negativen Auswirkungen zu internalisieren, wird vorgeschlagen, eine zweckgebundene Migrationsabgabe zu erheben.

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Paper provided by Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA) in its series HWWA Discussion Papers with number 94.

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Date of creation: 2000
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:hwwadp:26332

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  1. Charles P. Kindleberger, 1984. "Multinational Excursions," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262611996, December.
  2. Gene M. Grossman & Elhanan Helpman, 1994. "Endogenous Innovation in the Theory of Growth," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 8(1), pages 23-44, Winter.
  3. Paul R. Krugman, 1994. "Introduction to "Empirical Studies of Strategic Trade Policy"," NBER Chapters, in: Empirical Studies of Strategic Trade Policy, pages 1-10 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. James R. Markusen, 1988. "Production, Trade, and Migration with Differentiated, Skilled Workers," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 21(3), pages 492-506, August.
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  6. Bhagwati, Jagdish & Dellalfar, William, 1973. "The brain drain and income taxation," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 1(1-2), pages 94-101, February.
  7. Paul Krugman & Alasdair Smith, 1994. "Empirical Studies of Strategic Trade Policy," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number krug94-1.
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Cited by:
  1. Straubhaar, Thomas, 2000. "New migration needs a NEMP (a new European migration policy)," HWWA Discussion Papers 95, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
  2. Straubhaar, Thomas, 2000. "Internationale Migration - Gehen oder Bleiben : wieso gehen wenige und bleiben die meisten?," HWWA Discussion Papers 111, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).


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