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Internationaler Müllhandel: Eine institutionenökonomische Analyse

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  • Kirstein, Roland

Abstract

Müllexporte werden von Umweltpolitik und Rechtswissenschaft nahezu einhellig abgelehnt. Aus Sicht der neoklassischen Außenhandelstheorie ist diese Einschätzung überraschend, denn freiwilliger Handel sollte alle Beteiligten besser stellen. Das Paper schöpft aus der ökonomischen Analyse des Rechts sowie aus einem Experiment über iterative reasoning und liefert zwei Argumente, warum internationaler Müllhandel auch ineffizient sein kann. Außerdem wird ein Argument gegen die internationale Harmonisierung von Umweltstandards präsentiert. Aus den genannten Einwänden kann jedoch keine Begründung für das Verbot innergemeinschaftlichen Müllhandels abgeleitet werden. -- Politicians and legal scholars are almost unanimously sceptical about waste export, in particular if hazardous. From the viewpoint of neoclassical trade theory, however, this is surprising, since voluntary trade should make all participants better off. The paper draws on Law and Economics and presents an argument why export regulation can be rational for a state. Furthermore, the paper refers to an experiment on boundedly rational agents in lemon markets. The experimental results provide a justification for import restrictions. Both arguments, however, do not imply that waste trade within a political union (like the EU or the US) should be prohibited.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Saarland University, CSLE - Center for the Study of Law and Economics in its series CSLE Discussion Paper Series with number 2004-03.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:csledp:200403

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Related research

Keywords: Haftungsregeln; internationale negative Externalitäten; internatioanle Rechtsdurchsetzung; Experimente; beschränkte Rationalität;

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References

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  1. Molly Macauley & Eduardo Ley & Stephen W. Salant, 2000. "Restricting the Trash Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(2), pages 243-246, May.
  2. Gerard Gaudet & Michel Moreaux & Stephen W. Salant, 2001. "Intertemporal Depletion of Resource Sites by Spatially Distributed Users," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(4), pages 1149-1159, September.
  3. James Cassing & Thomas Kuhn, 2003. "Strategic Environmental Policies when Waste Products are Tradable," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(3), pages 495-511, 08.
  4. Levinson, Arik, 1999. "NIMBY taxes matter: the case of state hazardous waste disposal taxes," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(1), pages 31-51, October.
  5. Arik Levinson, 1999. "State Taxes and Interstate Hazardous Waste Shipments," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(3), pages 666-677, June.
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