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Kündigungsschutzrecht in den USA und in Deutschland: ein Beitrag zur ökonomischen Rechtsvergleichung

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  • Kirstein, Roland
  • Kittner, Michael
  • Schmidtchen, Dieter

Abstract

Der Beitrag plädiert für die Verwendung der ökonomischen Analyse als Methode der Rechtsvergleichung. Mit ihrer Hilfe wird gezeigt, daß das Vorurteil unbegründet ist, der Kündigungsschutz sei in den USA ?schwächer? (arbeitgeberfreundlicher) als in Deutschland. Die erwartete Abfindungszahlung kann in beiden Rechtssystemen durchaus gleich hoch ausfallen (in Deutschland ist die Wahrscheinlichkeit einer Abfindung höher, in den USA die Höhe der Zahlung). Eine institutionenökonomische Analyse zeigt darüber hinaus, daß die Beteiligung des Betriebsrates an Kündigungen in Deutschland opportunistisches Verhalten der Arbeitgeber und Arbeitnehmer einzudämmen hilft. Diese Art der Sicherung spezifischer Investitionen in Humankapital könnte zur Erklärung des empirischen Befundes beitragen, daß in Deutschland die Arbeitsproduktivität i.a. höher ist als in den USA. -- The paper argues in favor of the economic analysis as a method of international comparison of legal systems. It demonstrates that the legal rules governing the termination of employment contracts in the US are not "weaker" than in Germany. Arguing in terms of expected damages, the probability of a payment is higher in Germany, whereas the amount to be paid is higher in the US. An economic analysis of the German "workers' council" shows that this institution helps to prevent opportunistic terminations as well as opportunistic behavior of employees, and therefore protects specific investments into human capital. This may provide an explanation for the empirical observation that, in general, the productivity of labor is higher in Germany than in the US.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Saarland University, CSLE - Center for the Study of Law and Economics in its series CSLE Discussion Paper Series with number 2000-08.

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Date of creation: 2000
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:csledp:200008

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Keywords: Arbeitsvertrag; Betriebsrat; Quasirenten; spezifische Investitionen; Humankapital; economic comparison of law; termination of labor contracts; quasirents; human capital; specific investments workers' council;

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  1. Kirstein, Roland & Schmidtchen, Dieter, 1997. "Judicial detection skill and contractual compliance," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 509-520, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Pfeifer, Christian, 2004. "Fairness und Kündigungen : eine theoretische und empirische Analyse (Fairness and layoffs * a theoretical and empirical analysis)," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 37(2), pages 127-145.
  2. Wernhard Möschel & Heinz Lampert & Michael Schneider, 2005. "Wozu (heute noch) Gewerkschaften, Tarifautonomie und Flächentarifverträge?," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 58(02), pages 03-15, 01.
  3. Laszlo Goerke & Markus Pannenberg, 2005. "Berufliche Weiterbildung "on-the-job" und Auflösung von Beschäftigungsverhältnissen," Working Papers of the Research Group Heterogenous Labor, Research Group Heterogeneous Labor, University of Konstanz/ZEW Mannheim 04-22, Research Group Heterogeneous Labor, University of Konstanz/ZEW Mannheim.
  4. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:37:i:2:p:127-145 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Eger, Thomas, 2003. "Opportunistic termination of employment contracts and legal protection against dismissal in Germany and the USA," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 381-403, December.

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