The battle of the sexes over the distribution of male surplus
AbstractFemale primates carry and nurse the fetus, and thus have the first responsibility for rearing the offspring. Assuming males are at least equally adept at obtaining food, males might either share surplus food with females or consume the food themselves. The distribution of this surplus is the subject of a battle of the sexes. If females succeed in obtaining a large share of the surplus, then there is little size dimorphism between males and females; otherwise males might use the surplus themselves to become larger and stronger, and to engage in sexual competition with other males. Besides competing with males, females may compete with each other. Dependency may coincide with sexual competitiveness (sexiness). This paper introduces these ideas in a game theoretic setting and derives a simple bound, called the ‘female condition, on the male ‘sexiness’ required for a nonsupportive strategy to be worthwhile.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Warwick, Department of Economics in its series The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) with number 610.
Length: 11 pages
Date of creation: 2001
Date of revision:
EVOLUTION ; BATTLE OF THE SEXES ; MALE PARENTAL SUPPORT ; SEXUAL SIZE ; DIMORPHISM ; FEMALE DEPENDENCY ; POLYGYNY;
Other versions of this item:
- Myrna Wooders & Hugo van den Berg, 2001. "The battle of the sexes over the distribution of male surplus," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 3(17), pages 1-9.
- C7 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory
- J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination
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- Wooders, Myrna & Berg, Hugo van den, 2001. "Female competition, evolution, and the battle of the sexes," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 620, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
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