The Influence of Globalization on Taxes and Social Policy – an Empirical Analysis for OECD Countries
AbstractUsing panel regression for the period 1970-2000 the paper analyzes whether globalization has influenced the OECD countries’ social and overall spending as well as their tax rates on labor, consumption and capital. Accounting for potential endogeneity of the regressors, the results show that globalization (measured by an index covering 23 variables) did not generally decrease the leeway for independent economic policy. Globalization even increased implicit tax rates on capital (as calculated by Carey and Rabesona 2002) – a result that is mainly driven by economic integration. However, there seems to be competition over tax rates on capital when data based on legislation as suggested by Devereux and Griffith (2003) is employed. Depending on the method of estimation, increasing social integration also influences policies, while political integration does not matter for economic policy in most specifications.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by EconWPA in its series Public Economics with number 0310002.
Date of creation: 16 Oct 2003
Date of revision: 27 Feb 2004
Note: Type of Document - . University of Exeter Discussion Paper in Economics
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globalization; economic policy; government expenditure; social spending; implicit tax rates; dynamic panel; tax competition;
Other versions of this item:
- Dreher, Axel, 2006. "The influence of globalization on taxes and social policy: An empirical analysis for OECD countries," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 179-201, March.
- Axel Dreher, 2003. "The Influence of globalization on taxes and social policy - an empirical enalysis for OECD countries," Discussion Papers 0301, Exeter University, Department of Economics.
- H7 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations
- H87 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - International Fiscal Issues; International Public Goods
- C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2003-10-20 (All new papers)
- NEP-MAC-2003-10-20 (Macroeconomics)
- NEP-PBE-2003-10-20 (Public Economics)
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