Accounting for Economic Growth in Taiwan and Mainland China: A Comparative Analysis
AbstractThis paper provides a statistical summary of aggregate economic growth in Taiwan and mainland China using the standard national income accounting framework by decomposing aggregate growth into components due to growths in capital, labor and total factor productivity. For Taiwan, new series of capital stock and of human capital are constructed. The major findings include (a) the stability of input coefficients (under the assumption of constant returns) and of the rate of increase in TFP for the entire period 1951-1999, (b) a labor exponent of about 0.7 and a rate of annual increase in TFP of about 0.03, and (c) a slower exponential rate of growth of real gdp since 1987 to about 0.065 from the 1951-1999 average of 0.081 mainly as a result of the large reduction in the growth rate of labor input to half. For mainland China, a capital stock series of Chow (1993) was extended to 1998. The major findings include (a) the stability of the relative input coefficients for the entire period 1952-1998 but TFP did not increase until 1979, (b) a labor exponent of about 0.35 and a rate of increase in TFP of about 0.027 after 1979, and (c) the absence of equally large reduction in the rate of increase in labor input as in Taiwan and the smaller exponent of labor leading to a prospect of only a moderate reduction in future growth rate.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by EconWPA in its series GE, Growth, Math methods with number 0306003.
Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: 10 Jun 2003
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Note: 26 pages.
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C6 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling
- D5 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium
- D9 - Microeconomics - - Intertemporal Choice
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2003-06-16 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2003-06-16 (Development)
- NEP-SEA-2003-06-16 (South East Asia)
- NEP-TRA-2003-06-16 (Transition Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Young, Alwyn, 1995. "The Tyranny of Numbers: Confronting the Statistical Realities of the East Asian Growth Experience," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 110(3), pages 641-80, August.
- Susan M. Collins & Barry P. Bosworth, 1996. "Economic Growth in East Asia: Accumulation versus Assimilation," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 27(2), pages 135-204.
- Chow, G.C., 1990.
"Capital Formation And Economic Growth In China,"
67, Princeton, Woodrow Wilson School - Discussion Paper.
- Kim Jong-Il & Lau Lawrence J., 1994. "The Sources of Economic Growth of the East Asian Newly Industrialized Countries," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 235-271, September.
- John Whalley & Xian Xin, 2006.
"China's FDI and Non-FDI Economies and the Sustainability of Future High Chinese Growth,"
NBER Working Papers
12249, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- WHALLEY, John & XIN, Xian, 2010. "China's FDI and non-FDI economies and the sustainability of future high Chinese growth," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 123-135, March.
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