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Spatial determinants of sectors wage inequaities: Analysis for the region of Croatia

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  • Vinko Mustra

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  • Blanka Škrabić
  • Paško Burnać
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    Abstract

    The regional studies have shown that regional disparities within the countries appear to persist or even to grow. One of the most important indicators of the disparities is regional wage level. It is widely accepted that spatial effects have a different impact among sectors in developed countries. The traditional core-periphery pattern of manufacturing is weakening which tends to work towards regional convergence and on the other hand service industries continue to concentrate in high-density areas thus reinforcing divergence. However, there is less evidence for these effects for developing countries. This paper uses NUTS3 sub-regional data for Croatia from year 2000 onward to investigate the sources of the regional wages differences on the sector level. The recent literature recognizes two main determinants of spatial differences in wages; namely, the productivity and occupational composition. Therefore the paper uses shift-share analysis to decompose the spatial variation of wages into productivity effect and occupational composition effect exploring how the spatial variance in wages is attributable to variations in these effects among different sectors. The paper also examines the relationship between these two determinants of spatial differences and the proximity to economic mass instrumented by different measures of urbanization in the NUTS3 sub-regions.

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    File URL: http://www-sre.wu.ac.at/ersa/ersaconfs/ersa10/ERSA2010finalpaper573.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa10p573.

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    Date of creation: Sep 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa10p573

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    1. Stephan, Andreas & Happich, Michael & Geppert, Kurt, 2005. "Regional Disparities in the European Union: Convergence and Agglomeration," Working Paper Series 2005,4, European University Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder), The Postgraduate Research Programme Capital Markets and Finance in the Enlarged Europe.
    2. Rice, Patricia & Venables, Anthony J., 2004. "Spatial Determinants of Productivity: Analysis for the Regions of Great Britain," CEPR Discussion Papers 4527, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. David Albouy, 2009. "What Are Cities Worth? Land Rents, Local Productivity, and the Capitalization of Amenity Values," NBER Working Papers 14981, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Giulio Bottazzi & Giovanni Dosi & Giorgio Fagiolo & Angelo Secchi, 2004. "Sectoral and Geographical Specificities in the Spatial Structure of Economic Activities," LEM Papers Series 2004/21, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    5. Sylvain Barde, 2008. "The spatial structure of French wages : Investigating the robustness of two-stage least squares estimations of spatial autoregressive models," Sciences Po publications 2008-03, Sciences Po.
    6. Arellano, Manuel & Bond, Stephen, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(2), pages 277-97, April.
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