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Financial development in Latin America and the Caribbean : stylized facts and the road ahead

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  • Didier, Tatiana
  • Schmukler, Sergio L.

Abstract

The paper documents the major trends in financial development in Latin America and the Caribbean since the early 1990s. The paper compares trends in Latin America and the Caribbean with those in Asia, Eastern Europe, and advanced countries and compares countries within Latin America and the Caribbean. The findings show that financial systems in the Latin America and the Caribbean region have become more diversified and more complex. In particular, domestic financial systems have become less bank-based, with bond and stock markets playing a larger role; institutional investors have gained some space in channeling domestic savings, thus increasing the availability of funds for investment in capital markets; and several economies in the region have started to reduce currency and maturity mismatches. Nonetheless, a few large companies continue to capture most of the domestic savings. And because these trends have unfolded more slowly than pro-market reformers had envisioned, broad, market-based financial systems with dispersed ownership have yet to materialize fully in the region. As a result, convergence is still largely failing to happen and the region's financial systems remain less developed than those of the advanced economies and several other emerging economies, most notably those in Asia.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 6582.

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Date of creation: 01 Aug 2013
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6582

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Related research

Keywords: Debt Markets; Emerging Markets; Banks&Banking Reform; Access to Finance; Mutual Funds;

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References

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  1. Luis Opazo & Claudio Raddatz & Sergio Schmukler, 2009. "The Long And The Short Of Emerging Market Debt," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 530, Central Bank of Chile.
  2. de la Torre, Augusto & Gozzi, Juan Carlos & Schmukler, Sergio L., 2007. "Stock market development under globalization: Whither the gains from reforms?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 1731-1754, June.
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  7. Didier, Tatiana, 2011. "Information asymmetries and institutional investor mandates," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5586, The World Bank.
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  16. Didier, Tatiana & Hevia, Constantino & Schmukler, Sergio L., 2011. "How resilient and countercyclical were emerging economies to the global financial crisis ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5637, The World Bank.
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Cited by:
  1. Ceballos, Francisco & Didier, Tatiana & Schmukler, Sergio L., 2012. "Financial Globalization in Emerging Countries: Diversification vs. Offshoring," ADBI Working Papers 389, Asian Development Bank Institute.

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