Are there lessons for africa from China's success against poverty ?
AbstractAt the outset of China's reform period, the country had a far higher poverty rate than for Africa as a whole. Within five years that was no longer true. This paper tries to explain how China escaped from a situation in which extreme poverty persisted due to failed and unpopular policies. While acknowledging that Africa faces constraints that China did not, and that context matters, two lessons stand out. The first is the importance of productivity growth in smallholder agriculture, which will require both market-based incentives and public support. The second is the role played by strong leadership and a capable public administration at all levels of government.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 4463.
Date of creation: 01 Jan 2008
Date of revision:
Rural Poverty Reduction; Population Policies; Achieving Shared Growth; Services&Transfers to Poor;
Other versions of this item:
- Ravallion, Martin, 2009. "Are There Lessons for Africa from China's Success Against Poverty?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 303-313, February.
- C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games
- D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
- L14 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2008-01-12 (Africa)
- NEP-ALL-2008-01-12 (All new papers)
- NEP-CNA-2008-01-12 (China)
- NEP-DEV-2008-01-12 (Development)
- NEP-LTV-2008-01-12 (Unemployment, Inequality & Poverty)
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