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Post-conflict justice and sustainable peace

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  • Gates, Scott
  • Binningsbo, Helga Malmin
  • Lie, Tove Grete
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    Abstract

    No systematic study has examined the effect of post-conflict justice on the duration of peace on a global basis. This paper attempts to fill that void by building on a newly constructed dataset (Binningsbo, Elster, and Gates 2005), which reports the presence of various forms of post-conflict justice efforts (trials, purges, reparation to victims, and truth commissions) as well as processes associated with abstaining from post-conflict justice (amnesty and exile). It investigates the long-term effects of post-conflict justice on the duration of peace after conflict. It uses a Cox proportional hazard model to analyze the influence of the various types of post-conflict justice on the length of the peace period before the recurrence of violent conflict. Post-conflict trials as well as other types of justice do lead to a more durable peace in democratic as well as non-democratic societies, but the results are weak and are therefore difficult to generalize. Forms of non-retributive justice (that is, reparations to victims and truth commissions), however, are strongly associated with the duration of peace in democratic societies, but are not significant for non-democratic societies. Amnesty tends to be destabilizing and generally associated with shorter peace duration, but exile tends to lead to a more durable peace.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 4191.

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    Date of creation: 01 Apr 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:4191

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    Related research

    Keywords: Social Conflict and Violence; Post Conflict Reintegration; Peace & Peacekeeping; Corruption & Anitcorruption Law; Education and Society;

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    Cited by:
    1. Siyan Chen & Norman V. Loayza & Marta Reynal-Querol, 2007. "The aftermath of Civil War," Economics Working Papers 1043, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.

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