The frequency of wars
AbstractWars are increasingly frequent, and the trend has been steadily upward since 1870. The main tradition of Western political and philosophical thought suggests that extensive economic globalization and democratization over this period should have reduced appetites for war far below their current level. This view is clearly incomplete: at best, confounding factors are at work. Here, we explore the capacity to wage war. Most fundamentally, the growing number of sovereign states has been closely associated with the spread of democracy and increasing commercial openness, as well as the number of bilateral conflicts. Trade and democracy are traditionally thought of as goods, both in themselves, and because they reduce the willingness to go to war, conditional on the national capacity to do so. But the same factors may also have been increasing the capacity for war, and so its frequency.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Economic History Society in its journal The Economic History Review.
Volume (Year): 65 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 (08)
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Web page: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0013-0117
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Other versions of this item:
- Harrison, Mark & Wolf, Nikolaus, 2008. "The Frequency of Wars," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 879, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
- Harrison, Mark; Wolf, Nikolaus, 2011. "The Frequency of Wars," CAGE Online Working Paper Series 38, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE).
- H56 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - National Security and War
- N40 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - General, International, or Comparative
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- Rota, Mauro, 2011. "Military Burden and the Democracy Puzzle," MPRA Paper 35254, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Unal Tongur & Sara Hsu & Adem Yavuz Elveren, 2013. "Military Expenditures and Political Regimes: An Analysis Using Global Data, 1963-2001," ERC Working Papers 1307, ERC - Economic Research Center, Middle East Technical University, revised Jul 2013.
- Harrison, Mark, 2011. "Capitalism at War," CAGE Online Working Paper Series 59, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE).
- Harrison, Mark, 2013. "The Economics of Coercion and Conflict: an Introduction," CAGE Online Working Paper Series 150, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE).
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