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Do market pressures induce economic efficiency ? The case of Slovenian manufacturing, 1994-2001

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  • Orazem, Peter F.
  • Vodopivec, Milan

Abstract

The Slovenian transition represents a slow, but steady liberalization of constraints on competition. Using a unique longitudinal data set on all manufacturing firms in Slovenia over the period 1994-2001, the authors analyze how firm efficiency changed, in response to changing competitive pressures, holding constant firm attributes. Results show that the period was one of atypically rapid growth of total factor productivity (TFP), relative to levels in OECD countries, and that the rise in firm efficiency occurs across almost all industries and firm types - large or small, state or private, and domestic or foreign-owned. Changes in firm ownership type, have no impact on firm efficiency. Rather, competitive pressures that sort out inefficient firms of all types, and retain the most efficient, coupled with the entry of new private firms that are at least as efficient as surviving firms, prove to be the major source of TFP gains. Market competition from new entrants, foreign-owned firms, and international trade, also raise firm efficiency in the industry. Results strongly confirm that market competition fosters efficiency.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 3189.

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Date of creation: 01 Jan 2004
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3189

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Keywords: Economic Theory&Research; Labor Policies; Microfinance; Environmental Economics&Policies; Small and Medium Size Enterprises; Environmental Economics&Policies; Economic Theory&Research; Microfinance; Private Participation in Infrastructure; Small Scale Enterprise;

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Cited by:
  1. Milan Vodopivec & Lilijana Madjar & Primoz Dolenc, 2009. "Empirical Analysis of the Severance Pay Non-Performance in Slovenia," Managing Global Transitions, University of Primorska, Faculty of Management Koper, vol. 7(4), pages 333-348.
  2. Machek Ondrej, 2012. "Data Issues In Total Factor Productivity Benchmarking: A Central European Perspective," Annals of Faculty of Economics, University of Oradea, Faculty of Economics, vol. 1(2), pages 219-225, December.
  3. Elizabeth M. King & Claudio E. Montenegro & Peter F. Orazem, 2012. "Economic Freedom, Human Rights, and the Returns to Human Capital: An Evaluation of the Schultz Hypothesis," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 61(1), pages 39 - 72.

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