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Inequality in India: A survey of recent trends

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  • Parthapratim Pal
  • Jayati Ghosh

Abstract

This paper analyses the nature and causes of the patterns of inequality and poverty in India. Since the economic liberalization in the early 1990s, the evidence suggests increasing inequality (in both spatial and vertical terms) as well as persistent poverty. The macroeconomic policies possibly responsible for these trends include—fiscal tightening, regressive tax policies and expenditure cuts; financial sector reform that reduced institutional credit flow to small producers and agriculturalists; liberalization of rules for foreign and domestic investment, leading to more regional imbalance and skewed investment patterns, and trade liberalization, which has affected livelihoods and employment generation.

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File URL: http://www.un.org/esa/desa/papers/2007/wp45_2007.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by United Nations, Department of Economics and Social Affairs in its series Working Papers with number 45.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:une:wpaper:45

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Related research

Keywords: India; inequality; poverty; growth and distribution; macroeconomic policies;

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  1. Angus Deaton & Jean Dreze, 2002. "Poverty and Inequality in India: A Re-Examination," Working Papers 184, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Research Program in Development Studies..
  2. Angus Deaton & Valerie Kozel, 2005. "Data and Dogma: The Great Indian Poverty Debate," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 20(2), pages 177-199.
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Cited by:
  1. Roy, Chandan & Roy Mukherjee, Sanchari & Ghosh, Shantanu, 2012. "Sericulture as an Employment Generating Household Industry in West Bengal," MPRA Paper 43672, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Oct 2012.

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