Rates of Return to Schooling and the Quality of Education in England and Wales
AbstractRaising the quality of education has been one of the main objectives of the current government in Britain. By devoting more resources to the education sector, it is expected that pupils will achieve higher educational attainment by the time their years of compulsory schooling ends. This study attempts to assess the effect that the quality of schooling has on the subsequent labour market outcomes of a cohort of individuals who received their secondary education in the 1970s. In the first stage of the statistical analysis, an earnings equation is estimated for those in employment at age 33 which produces an estimate of the return to schooling for each local education authority (LEA) in England and Wales. It is found that the return to schooling varies across LEAs, ranging from 6% to 18%. For the second part of the analysis, these LEA-specific returns are regressed on variables capturing the mean level of school quality in each LEA. The results provide little evidence that measures of quality, such as the pupil-teacher ratio, influence the return received for each year of schooling. Some evidence is found, however, that segregating pupils according to ability is beneficial on average since the greatest returns to schooling are observed in LEAs offering selective schools.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Department of Economics, University of Kent in its series Studies in Economics with number 0115.
Date of creation: Aug 2001
Date of revision:
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Postal: Department of Economics, University of Kent at Canterbury, Canterbury, Kent, CT2 7NP
Phone: +44 (0)1227 764000
Fax: +44 (0)1227 827850
Web page: http://www.ukc.ac.uk/economics/
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
- J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
- J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
- I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2001-09-26 (All new papers)
- NEP-EEC-2001-09-26 (European Economics)
- NEP-LTV-2001-09-10 (Unemployment, Inequality & Poverty)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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