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Polarització comarcal de rendes a Catalunya

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  • Juan Antonio Duro

    ()
    (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

Abstract

Sovint parlem de les comarques catalanes en termes de grups més o menys homogenis. Per exemple, les segmenten en riques i pobres, en dinàmiques i estancades, en interiors o costaneres, etc. Apart de l’interès com a instrument de síntesi, el grau de formació de grups cohesionats i distants entre si pot ser un assumpte rellevant en termes de la cohesió territorial. En aquestes circumstàncies, la disponibilitat d’una mesura específica que permeti la quantificació precisa d’aquest fenomen sembla particularment útil. En aquest sentit, la literatura ens ha suggerit diverses mesures de polarització, entre les que s’haurien de destacar els Índexos de Polarització Generalitzada (Esteban, Gradín i Ray (1999)). El principal objecte d’aquest treball consisteix a aplicar aquestes mesures a la distribució comarcal de la renda a Catalunya al llarg del període 1990-2002. El principal resultat obtingut apunta cap a una creixent polarització econòmica de les comarques que, conjuntament amb l’increment observat en les desigualtats, recolzaria una actitud molt més decidida per part de l’administració en el reequilibri del territori.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona in its series Working Papers with number wpdea0403.

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Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:uab:wprdea:wpdea0403

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Keywords: comarques; polaritzacio; distribucio renda;

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  1. X. Zhang & R. Kanbur, 2001. "What Difference Do Polarisation Measures Make? An Application to China," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(3), pages 85-98.
  2. Esteban, J.M. & Ray, D., 1992. "On the Measurement of Polarization," UFAE and IAE Working Papers, Unitat de Fonaments de l'Anàlisi Econòmica (UAB) and Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica (CSIC) 171.92, Unitat de Fonaments de l'Anàlisi Econòmica (UAB) and Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica (CSIC).
  3. Seshanna, Shubhasree & Decornez, Stephane, 2003. "Income polarization and inequality across countries: an empirical study," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 335-358, June.
  4. Carlos Manuel Gradín Lago, 2001. "Polarización y desigualdad en Galicia y España, un análisis comparativo," Revista de Estudios Regionales, Universidades Públicas de Andalucía, Universidades Públicas de Andalucía, vol. 1, pages 47-68.
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