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Social Spending, Taxes and Income Redistribution in Paraguay

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Author Info

  • Sean Higgins

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Tulane University)

  • Nora Lustig

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Tulane University)

  • Julio Ramirez

    ()
    (CADEP (Centro de Analisis y Difusion de la Economia Paraguaya))

  • Billy Swanson

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of California Davis)

Abstract

How much redistribution does Paraguay accomplish through social spending and taxes? How progressive are revenue collection and social spending? Using a standard fiscal incidence analysis, we quantify the reduction in inequality and poverty in Paraguay across income concepts, and contextualize these results by placing Paraguay in comparative perspective with other Latin American countries. Paraguay achieves a relatively small reduction in inequality, even when in-kind education and health benefits are taken into account. Direct taxes are progressive, indirect taxes are regressive, and total taxes are regressive. Social spending is progressive in relative terms, but less so than in any of the other countries analyzed.

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File URL: http://econ.tulane.edu/RePEc/pdf/tul1311.pdf
File Function: First Version, February 2013
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tulane University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 1311.

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Length: 41 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:tul:wpaper:1311

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Keywords: inequality; poverty; Paraguay; social spending; taxes;

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References

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  1. Nora Lustig & Carola Pessino, 2012. "Social Spending and Income Redistribution in Argentina During the 2000s: the Rising Role of Noncontributory Pensions," CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. 499, Universidad del CEMA.
  2. Marisa Bucheli & Nora Lustig & Maximo Rossi & Florencia Amabile, 2012. "Social Spending, Taxes and Income Redistribution in Uruguay," Working Papers 1217, Tulane University, Department of Economics.
  3. Pedro H. G. F. de Souza & Rafael G. Osorio & Sergei S. O. Soares, 2011. "Uma Metodologia Para Simular o Programa Bolsa Família," Discussion Papers 1654, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
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As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Inequality pre- and post taxes and transfers in Paraguay
    by Straub in Stephane Straub on 2014-07-08 06:42:47
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Cited by:
  1. Nora Lustig & Carola Pessino, 2012. "Social Spending and Income Redistribution in Argentina During the 2000s: the Rising Role of Noncontributory Pensions," CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. 499, Universidad del CEMA.
  2. Nora Lustig & Florencia Amábile & Marisa Bucheli & George Gray Molina & Sean Higgins & Miguel Jaramillo & Wilson Jiménez Pozo & Veronica Paz Arauco & Claudiney Pereira & Carola Pessino & Máximo Ros, 2013. "The impact of taxes and social spending on inequality and poverty in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico, Peru and Uruguay: An overview," Working Papers 315, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  3. Sean Higgins & Nora Lustig & Whitney Ruble & Timothy Smeeding, 2013. "Comparing the incidence of taxes and social spending in Brazil and the United States," Working Papers 316, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.

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