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Influenza Immunization Campaigns: Is an Ounce of Prevention Worth a Pound of Cure?

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Author Info

  • Courtney J. Ward

Abstract

This study provides causal evidence on the health and economic consequences of a broad-scope vaccination program. The Ontario Influenza Immunization Campaign (introduced in 2001) expanded the scope of vaccine coverage to the full population. By using the timing of this campaign and exogenous variation in vaccine quality, I am able to causally link higher vaccination rates to decreases in lost work-time, hospitalization, and death. Results indicate that, when vaccine quality is high, the campaign resulted in higher gains for Ontario relative to other provinces and in short, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. Results also suggest significant positive health externalities for the elderly.

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File URL: http://www.economics.utoronto.ca/public/workingPapers/tecipa-396.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Toronto, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number tecipa-396.

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Length: 49 pages
Date of creation: 16 Mar 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:tor:tecipa:tecipa-396

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Related research

Keywords: Influenza; Immunization; Health; Work Absence; Respiratory Illness; Hospital Admission;

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Cited by:
  1. Jim Engle-Warnick & Sonia Laszlo & Natalia Mishagina & Erin Strumpf, 2013. "Coordination, Common Knowledge and an H1N1 Outbreak," CIRANO Working Papers 2013s-10, CIRANO.
  2. Ben Dachis, 2013. "Cars, Congestion and Costs: A New Approach to Evaluating Government Infrastructure Investment," C.D. Howe Institute Commentary, C.D. Howe Institute, issue 385, July.

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