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Anemia and School Participation

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  • Gustavo J. Bobonis
  • Edward Miguel
  • Charu Puri-Sharma

Abstract

Anemia is among the most widespread health problems for children in developing countries. This paper evaluates the impact of a randomized health intervention delivering iron supplementation and deworming drugs to Indian preschool children. At baseline, 69 percent were anemic and 30 percent had intestinal worm infections. Weight increased among assisted children, and preschool-participation rates rose by 5.8 percentage points, reducing absenteeism by one-fifth. Gains were especially pronounced for those most likely to be anemic at baseline. Results contribute to a growing view that schoolbased health programs are an effective way of promoting school attendance in less developed countries.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Wisconsin Press in its journal Journal of Human Resources.

Volume (Year): 41 (2006)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:41:y:2006:i:4:p692-721

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Web page: http://jhr.uwpress.org/

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  1. Horton, S. & Ross, J., 2003. "The economics of iron deficiency," Food Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 51-75, February.
  2. Katherine A. Magnuson & Christopher J. Ruhm & Jane Waldfogel, 2004. "Does Prekindergarten Improve School Preparation and Performance?," NBER Working Papers 10452, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Alderman, Harold & Watkins, Susan Cotts & Kohler, Hans-Peter & Maluccio, John A. & Behrman, Jere R., 2000. "Attrition in longitudinal household survey data," FCND briefs, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 96, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  4. Eliana Garces & Duncan Thomas & Janet Currie, 2002. "Longer-Term Effects of Head Start," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 92(4), pages 999-1012, September.
  5. Janet Currie, 2001. "Early Childhood Education Programs," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 15(2), pages 213-238, Spring.
  6. Thomas, D. & Currie, J., 1993. "Does Head Start Make a Difference?," Papers, Yale - Economic Growth Center 694, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
  7. Glewwe, Paul & Jacoby, Hanan G. & King, Elizabeth M., 2001. "Early childhood nutrition and academic achievement: a longitudinal analysis," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 81(3), pages 345-368, September.
  8. David S. Lee, 2002. "Trimming for Bounds on Treatment Effects with Missing Outcomes," NBER Technical Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 0277, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Michael Kremer, 2003. "Randomized Evaluations of Educational Programs in Developing Countries: Some Lessons," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 93(2), pages 102-106, May.
  10. Edward Miguel & Michael Kremer, 2004. "Worms: Identifying Impacts on Education and Health in the Presence of Treatment Externalities," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 72(1), pages 159-217, 01.
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