Institutional Reforms, EU Accession, and Bank Efficiency: Evidence from Bulgaria
AbstractThe paper examines the efficiency of Bulgarian banks and its determinants over the period 1999-2007. The levels of technical, allocative, and cost efficiency are estimated using a non-parametric methodology and then regressed upon a number of bank-specific, institutional, and EU-related factors. The findings indicate that foreign banks were more efficient than domestic private banks, although the gap between them narrowed over time. State-owned banks ranked last but their privatization resulted in efficiency gains. Capitalization, liquidity, and enterprise restructuring enhanced bank efficiency, while banking reforms had an adverse effect. The Treaty of Accession and EU membership were associated with significant efficiency improvements.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Texas Christian University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 201005.
Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2010
Date of revision:
Transition economies; Banking; Efficiency; EU accession;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
- G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
- P20 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - General
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