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Monetary Policy in Turkey After the Global Crisis

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  • A. Hakan Kara

Abstract

Post-crisis spillovers and heightened capital flows have triggered a search for alternative monetary policy frameworks, especially for small open emerging economies. The Turkish experience since end-2010 sets out an interesting case in this respect. Faced with extreme volatility in cross-border capital flows, rapid credit growth and a sharp deterioration in the current account deficit, Central Bank of Turkey (CBT) has modified the conventional inflation targeting regime by adopting financial stability as a supplementary objective and enriching the set of policy instruments with a particular emphasis on credit and exchange rate channels. This study explains the underlying motivation why the CBT has adopted such a flexible policy, provides an overview of the new framework, and summarizes the initial results. The analysis conducted throughout the paper and the recent evidence suggests that the new policy framework has been quite effective in reducing the macro financial risks related to a sudden reversal of capital flows by engineering a “soft landing” of the Turkish economy. The policy has successfully shifted the composition of aggregate demand towards a more balanced growth path (rebalancing) without prejudice to the price stability objective.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey in its series Working Papers with number 1217.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:tcb:wpaper:1217

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Keywords: Monetary policy; price stability; financial stability; capital flows; monetary transmission mechanism; macro-prudential policy;

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References

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  1. Carmen M. Reinhart, 2012. "A Series of Unfortunate Events: Common Sequencing Patterns in Financial Crises," NBER Working Papers 17941, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Jeanne, Olivier & Korinek, Anton, 2010. "Managing Credit Booms and Busts: A Pigouvian Taxation Approach," CEPR Discussion Papers 8015, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. �scar Jord� & Moritz Schularick & Alan M Taylor, 2011. "Financial Crises, Credit Booms, and External Imbalances: 140 Years of Lessons," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 59(2), pages 340-378, June.
  4. Aaron Tornell & Frank Westermann, 2005. "Boom-Bust Cycles and Financial Liberalization," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262201593.
  5. Yusuf Soner Baskaya & Eda Gulsen & A. Hakan Kara, 2012. "Iletisim Politikasi ve Enflasyon Beklentileri," CBT Research Notes in Economics 1214, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
  6. Schularick, Moritz & Taylor, Alan M., 2009. "Credit Booms Gone Bust: Monetary Policy, Leverage Cycles and Financial Crises, 1870-2008," CEPR Discussion Papers 7570, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. Erdem Başçı & Hakan Kara, 2011. "Finansal istikrar ve para politikası," Iktisat Isletme ve Finans, Bilgesel Yayincilik, vol. 26(302), pages 9-25.
  8. Yıldız AKKAYA & Refet S. GÜRKAYNAK, 2012. "Cari açık, bütçe dengesi, finansal istikrar ve para politikası: Heyecanlı bir dönemin izi," Iktisat Isletme ve Finans, Bilgesel Yayincilik, vol. 27(315), pages 93-119.
  9. Hakan Kara & Fethi Ogunc, 2011. "Doviz Kuru ve Ithalat Fiyatlarinin Enflasyona Etkisi," CBT Research Notes in Economics 1114, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
  10. Koray Alper & S. Tolga Tiryaki, 2011. "Zorunlu Karsiliklarin Para Politikasindaki Yeri," CBT Research Notes in Economics 1108, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
  11. Koray Alper & Defne Mutluer Kurul & Ramazan Karasahin, 2011. "Arzin Merkezine Seyahat : Bankacilarla Yapilan Gorusmelerden Elde Edilen Bilgilerle Turk Bankacilik Sektorunun Davranisi," Working Papers 1124, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
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Cited by:
  1. A. Hakan Kara & Hande Kucuk & S. Tolga Tiryaki & Canan Yuksel, 2013. "In Search of a Reasonable Credit Growth Rate for Turkey," CBT Research Notes in Economics 1303, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.

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