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Investissements directs à l’étranger et stratégies des entreprises multinationales


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  • Sandrine Levasseur


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    Depuis le milieu des années 1980, les investissements directs étrangers (IDE) connaissent une croissance sans précédent. Plus encore, les IDE, lesquels consistent en la création d’unités de production à l’étranger ou en l’acquisition d’unités existantes, ont atteint ces dernières années des montants sans cesse records. Les fusions et acquisitions (FA) ont constitué le moteur essentiel de ces IDE. Ceci est tout particulièrement vrai pour l’implantation dans les pays développés où les FA transnationales, c’est-à-dire les FA entre des entités appartenant à des pays différents, ont représenté plus de 80 % des IDE à partir de 1995. Dans les pays en développement, si les créations d’unités de production constituent toujours la principale modalité d’implantation, les acquisitions ont aussi augmenté en raison des privatisations d’entreprises et des dérégulations de certains secteurs d’activité (...).

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sciences Po in its series Sciences Po publications with number info:hdl:2441/3381.

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    Date of creation: Mar 2002
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    Publication status: Published in Revue de l'OFCE, 2002, pp.103-152
    Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/3381

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    1. Alan A. Bevan & Saul Estrin, 2000. "The Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment in Transition Economies," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan 342, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    2. Eric J. Bartelsman & Roel Beetsma, 2000. "Why pay more? Corporate Tax Avoidance through Transfer Pricing in OECD Countries," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, Tinbergen Institute 00-054/2, Tinbergen Institute.
    3. Eric J. Bartelsman & Roel Beetsma, 2000. "Why Pay More? Corporate Tax Avoidance through Transfer Pricing in OECD Countries," CESifo Working Paper Series 324, CESifo Group Munich.
    4. Amiti, Mary, 2001. "Location of Vertically Linked Industries: Agglomeration versus Comparative Advantage," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 2800, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Aitken, B. & Harrison, A. & Lipsey, R.E., 1995. "Wages and Foreign Ownership: A Comparative Study of Mexico, Venezuela, and the United States," Papers, Columbia - Graduate School of Business 95-21, Columbia - Graduate School of Business.
    6. Kimberly A. Clausing, 1998. "The Impact of Transfer Pricing on Intrafirm Trade," NBER Working Papers 6688, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Salvatore Baldone & Fabio Sdogati & Lucia Tajoli, 2001. "Patterns and determinants of international fragmentation of production: Evidence from outward processing trade between the EU and Central Eastern European countries," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, Springer, vol. 137(1), pages 80-104, March.
    8. Chakrabarti, Avik, 2001. "The Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment: Sensitivity Analyses of Cross-Country Regressions," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(1), pages 89-113.
    9. Bevan, Alan & Estrin, Saul, 2000. "The Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment in Transition Economies," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 2638, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. Braconier, Henrik & Ekholm, Karolina, 2001. "Foreign Direct Investment in Central and Eastern Europe: Employment Effects in the EU," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 3052, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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