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Analyse d’Impact de la Construction de l’Autoroute Dakar-Thies : un Modèle Equilibre Géneral Calculable Multi-Ménages Intégrés

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  • Dorothée Boccanfuso

    ()
    (GREDI, Faculte d'administration, Université de Sherbrooke)

  • Luc Savard

    ()
    (GREDI, Faculte d'administration, Université de Sherbrooke)

Abstract

Dans ce travail nous utilisons un modèle d’équilibre général calculable mutli-ménages intégrés pour analyser l’impact de la construction d’une autoroute à péage entre Dakar et Thiès au Sénégal, sur la pauvreté et les inégalités. Nous avons simulé différents scénarios découlant de la construction de l’autoroute tel que des gains de productivité, une réduction du coût moyen des transports et une augmentation de l’offre de travail. Nous avons appliqué les indices de pauvreté Foster, Greer et Thorbecke (1984) et l’indice de Gini. Certains résultats obtenus sont un peu contre intuitif dans la mesure où les effets positifs ne sont parfois plus important en milieu rural que dans la région Dakaroise. In this paper we use an integrated multi-household computable general equilibrium model to analyse the impact of the construction of a toll highway between Dakar and Thies in Senegal. We simulated different potential effects of the highway construction such as productivity gains, decrease in transportation cost

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File URL: http://gredi.recherche.usherbrooke.ca/wpapers/GREDI-0511.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke in its series Cahiers de recherche with number 05-11.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:shr:wpaper:05-11

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Keywords: Modele d’equilibre general calculable; micro-simulation; analyse de pauvrete; distribution de revenu; infrastructure;

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References

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  1. Decaluwe, B. & Patry, A. & Savard, L. & Thorbecke, E., 1999. "Poverty Analysis Within a General Equilibrium Framework," Papers 9909, Laval - Recherche en Politique Economique.
  2. Dorothée Boccanfuso & Bernard Decaluwé & Luc Savard, 2003. "Poverty, Income Distribution and CGE Modeling: Does the Functional Form of Distribution Matter?," Cahiers de recherche 0332, CIRPEE.
  3. Morrisson, Christian, 1991. "Adjustment, incomes and poverty in Morocco," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 19(11), pages 1633-1651, November.
  4. Ravallion, Martin & Chen, Shaohua, 1997. "What Can New Survey Data Tell Us about Recent Changes in Distribution and Poverty?," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 11(2), pages 357-82, May.
  5. John Cockburn, 2002. "Trade Liberalisation and Poverty in Nepal: A Computable General Equilibrium Micro Simulation Analysis," CSAE Working Paper Series 2002-11, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
  6. Chia, Ngee-Choon & Wahba, Sadek & Whalley, John, 1994. "Poverty-Reducing Targeting Programmes: A General Equilibrium Approach," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 3(2), pages 309-38, October.
  7. Luc Savard, 2005. "Poverty and Inequality Analysis within a CGE Framework: A Comparative Analysis of the Representative Agent and Microsimulation Approaches," Development Policy Review, Overseas Development Institute, vol. 23(3), pages 313-331, 05.
  8. Bourguignon, Francois & De Melo, Jaime & Suwa, Akiko, 1991. "Modeling the effects of adjustment programs on income distribution," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 19(11), pages 1527-1544, November.
  9. Luc Savard, 2003. "Poverty and Income Distribution in a CGE-Household Micro-Simulation Model: Top-Down/Bottom Up Approach," Cahiers de recherche 0343, CIRPEE.
  10. Dorothée Boccanfuso & François Joseph Cabral & Luc Savard, 2004. "Une analyse préliminaire d'impacts de la libéralisation de la filière arachide au Sénégal: un modèle d'équilibre général calculable multi-ménages," Cahiers de recherche 0406, CIRPEE.
  11. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-66, May.
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