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Causality between Energy Consumption and Output Growth in Indian Cement Industry: An Application of Panel Vector Error Correction Model

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  • Sabuj Kumar Mandal

    (Institute for Social and Economic change)

  • S Madheswaran

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to examine the existence and direction of the causal relationship between energy consumption and output growth for Indian cement industry for the period 1979-80 to 2004-05. The most recently developed panel unit root, heterogeneous panel cointegration and panel-based error correction models have been applied in a multivariate framework including capital stock, labor, and material other than energy and output. The empirical results confirm a positive long-run cointegrated relationship between output and energy consumption when heterogeneous state effect is taken into account. It is also found that there exists a long run bi-directional relationship between energy consumption and output growth in Indian cement industry for the study period, implying that an increase in energy consumption directly affects growth of this sector and that growth also stimulates further energy consumption. These empirical findings imply that energy consumption and output are jointly determined and affect each other. Also, energy conservation policies should be associated with consistent encouragement and support from the government for adoption of energy efficient technologies in order to avoid negative impacts of theses policies on the growth of this industry.

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File URL: http://www.isec.ac.in/WP%20238%20-%20Sabuj%20Kumar%20and%20Madheswaran_%205.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for Social and Economic Change, Bangalore in its series Working Papers with number 238.

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Length: 15 pages
Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:sch:wpaper:238

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Keywords: Cement Industry; Cement Production; Energy Consumption;

References

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  1. Lee, Chien-Chiang & Chang, Chun-Ping & Chen, Pei-Fen, 2008. "Energy-income causality in OECD countries revisited: The key role of capital stock," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 2359-2373, September.
  2. Ghosh, Sajal, 2002. "Electricity consumption and economic growth in India," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 125-129, January.
  3. Peter Pedroni, 1999. "Critical Values for Cointegration Tests in Heterogeneous Panels with Multiple Regressors," Department of Economics Working Papers 2000-02, Department of Economics, Williams College.
  4. Paul, Shyamal & Bhattacharya, Rabindra N., 2004. "Causality between energy consumption and economic growth in India: a note on conflicting results," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(6), pages 977-983, November.
  5. Yang, Ming, 2006. "Energy efficiency policy impact in India: case study of investment in industrial energy efficiency," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(17), pages 3104-3114, November.
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  8. Mukherjee, Kankana, 2008. "Energy use efficiency in the Indian manufacturing sector: An interstate analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 662-672, February.
  9. Mehrara, Mohsen, 2007. "Energy consumption and economic growth: The case of oil exporting countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 2939-2945, May.
  10. Asafu-Adjaye, John, 2000. "The relationship between energy consumption, energy prices and economic growth: time series evidence from Asian developing countries," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(6), pages 615-625, December.
  11. Narayan, Paresh Kumar & Smyth, Russell, 2009. "Multivariate granger causality between electricity consumption, exports and GDP: Evidence from a panel of Middle Eastern countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 229-236, January.
  12. Maddala, G S & Wu, Shaowen, 1999. " A Comparative Study of Unit Root Tests with Panel Data and a New Simple Test," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 61(0), pages 631-52, Special I.
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  14. Mishra, Vinod & Smyth, Russell & Sharma, Susan, 2009. "The energy-GDP nexus: Evidence from a panel of Pacific Island countries," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 210-220, August.
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