An introduction to the use of randomized control trials to evaluate development interventions
AbstractRCTs have become popular in the development community as part of the response to the results agenda. These studies are well placed to address the question of which programmes work or not. And, properly designed, they can be embedded in a broader evaluation design which also addresses questions of why an intervention works in a specific context or not, and at what cost. Usually the appropriate design will not be a simple randomization drawn from an eligible list. So there are several decisions to be made in designing a RCT, and these decisions should be recorded in a study protocol which is placed in the public domain before the study begins. Many of the criticisms of RCTs can be responded to. But some require more reflection and research and have implications for the conduct of RCTs.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie) in its series 3ie Publications with number 2011-9.
Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: 01 Feb 2011
Date of revision:
randomized control trials; impact evaluation;
Other versions of this item:
- Howard White, 2013. "An introduction to the use of randomised control trials to evaluate development interventions," Journal of Development Effectiveness, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(1), pages 30-49, March.
- C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-03-05 (All new papers)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Anju Vajja & Howard White, 2008. "Can the World Bank Build Social Capital? The Experience of Social Funds in Malawi and Zambia," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(8), pages 1145-1168.
- White, Howard, 2009. "Theory-Based Impact Evaluation," 3ie Publications, International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie) 2009-3, International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie).
- Wim Naudé, 2011. "Foreign Aid for Innovation: The Missing Ingredient in Private Sector Development?," Working Papers, Maastricht School of Management 2011/35, Maastricht School of Management.
- Gaarder, Marie & Annan, Jeannie, 2013. "Impact evaluation of conflict prevention and peacebuilding interventions," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6496, The World Bank.
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