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Liquidity and Growth

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  • Shouyong Shi

    (University of Toronto)

  • Mariana Rojas Breu

    (University of Basel)

  • Aleksander Berentsen

    (University of Basel)

Abstract

Many countries simultaneously suffer from high rates of inflation, low growth rates of per capita income and poorly developed financial sectors. In this paper, we integrate a microfounded model of money and finance into a model of endogenous growth to examine the effects of inflation and financial development. We address two quantitative issues. One is the effects of an exogenous improvement in the productivity of the financial sector on welfare and per capita growth. The other is the effects of inflation on welfare and growth, with an emphasis on how these effects depend on a country's financial development. Consistent with the data, the growth gains of reducing the inflation rate by 10% are highly nonlinear: for a low inflation rate (10%) the gain is 0.4 percentage points while for a high rate (40%) the gain is only 0.13 percentage points. In contrast, the growth gain of an exogenous increase in financial market development is independent of the level of inflation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2009 Meeting Papers with number 590.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:red:sed009:590

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  1. Thorsten Beck & Ross Levine & Norman Loayza, 1999. "Financial Intermediation and Growth: Causality and Causes," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 56, Central Bank of Chile.
  2. Aiyagari, S.R. & Braum, T. & Eckstein, Z., 1995. "Transaction Services, Inflation and Welfare," Papers 27-95, Tel Aviv - the Sackler Institute of Economic Studies.
  3. Bruce D. Smith & John H. Boyd, 1998. "Capital market imperfections in a monetary growth model," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 11(2), pages 241-273.
  4. Joseph H. Haslag, 1995. "Monetary policy, banking, and growth," Working Papers 9515, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
  5. Aleksander Berentsen & Gabriele Camera & Christopher Waller, . "Money, Credit and Banking," IEW - Working Papers 219, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  6. Dirk Kreuger & Fabrizio Perri, 2002. "Does Income Inequality Lead to Consumption Inequality? Evidence and Theory," Working Papers 02-15, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics.
  7. Gylfason, Thorvaldur & Herbertsson, Tryggvi Thor, 2001. "Does inflation matter for growth?," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 405-428, December.
  8. Levine, Ross & Zervos, Sara J, 1993. "What We Have Learned about Policy and Growth from Cross-Country Regressions?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(2), pages 426-30, May.
  9. Max Gillman & Michal Kejak, 2005. "Contrasting Models of the Effect of Inflation on Growth," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(1), pages 113-136, 02.
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Cited by:
  1. Berentsen, Aleksander, 1997. "Monetary policy implications of digital money," MPRA Paper 37392, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Nadia F. Piffaretti, 1998. "A Theoretical Approach to Electronic Money," FSES Working Papers 302, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, University of Freiburg/Fribourg Switzerland.

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