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Efficiency Improvement from Restricting the Liquidity of Nominal Bonds

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  • Shouyong Shi

Abstract

This paper addresses why it is beneficial for a society to restrict the use of nominal bonds as a means of payment for goods. The model has a centralized asset market and a decentralized goods market. Individuals face matching shocks that affect the marginal utility of consumption, but they cannot insure, borrow or trade assets against such risks. The government imposes a legal restriction to prohibit nominal bonds from being used as a means of payment in a subset of trades. I show that this partial legal restriction can improve the society's welfare. In contrast to the literature, the efficiency role of the restriction exists in the steady state and it does not require the households to be able to trade assets after receiving the shocks. Moreover, even when lump-sum taxes are available, the efficiency role continues to exist under a condition that induces optimal money growth to be above the Friedman rule.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Toronto, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number tecipa-329.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: 12 Aug 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:tor:tecipa:tecipa-329

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Keywords: Nominal Bonds; Money; Efficiency; Return dominance;

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References

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  1. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1990. "Liquidity and interest rates," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 50(2), pages 237-264, April.
  2. Kocherlakota, Narayana R., 2003. "Societal benefits of illiquid bonds," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 108(2), pages 179-193, February.
  3. Ritter Moritz, 2010. "The Optimum Quantity of Money Revisited: Distortionary Taxation in a Search Model of Money," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 10(1), pages 1-26, June.
  4. Boel, Paola & Camera, Gabriele, 2006. "Efficient monetary allocations and the illiquidity of bonds," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(7), pages 1693-1715, October.
  5. Ricardo Lagos & Randall Wright, 2002. "A unified framework for monetary theory and policy analysis," Working Paper 0211, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
  6. Aleksander Berentsen & Gabriele Camera & Christopher Waller, 2005. "Money, Credit and Banking," CESifo Working Paper Series 1617, CESifo Group Munich.
  7. Shouyong Shi, 1997. "A Divisible Search Model of Fiat Money," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 65(1), pages 75-102, January.
  8. Aleksander Berentsen & Guillaume Rocheteau & Shouyong Shi, 2007. "Friedman Meets Hosios: Efficiency in Search Models of Money," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 117(516), pages 174-195, 01.
  9. Hosios, Arthur J, 1990. "On the Efficiency of Matching and Related Models of Search and Unemployment," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(2), pages 279-98, April.
  10. S. Rao Aiyagari & Neil Wallace & Randall Wright, 1996. "Coexistence of money and interest-bearing securities," Working Papers 550, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  11. Shouyong Shi, 2001. "Liquidity, Bargaining, and Multiple Equilibria in a Search Monetary Model," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 2(2), pages 325-351, November.
  12. Hicks, J. R., 1975. "Value and Capital: An Inquiry into some Fundamental Principles of Economic Theory," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, edition 2, number 9780198282693, Octomber.
  13. Temzelides, Ted & Williamson, Stephen D., 2001. "Payments Systems Design in Deterministic and Private Information Environments," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 99(1-2), pages 297-326, July.
  14. Shouyong Shi, 2005. "Nominal Bonds And Interest Rates," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 46(2), pages 579-612, 05.
  15. Stephen D. Williamson, 2005. "Monetary Policy and Distribution," 2005 Meeting Papers 379, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  16. Bryant, John & Wallace, Neil, 1984. "A Price Discrimination Analysis of Monetary Policy," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(2), pages 279-88, April.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. David Andolfatto, 2009. "On the Societal Benefits of Illiquid Bonds," Working Paper Series 13_09, The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis, revised Jan 2009.
  2. Aleksander Berentsen & Christopher Waller, 2009. "Outside versus inside bonds: A Modigliani-Miller type result for liquidity constrained economies," IEW - Working Papers 443, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  3. Aleksander Berentsen & Alessandro Marchesiani & Christopher J. Waller, 2010. "Channel systems: Why is there a positive spread?," Working Papers 2010-049, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
  4. Yiting Li & Guillaume Rocheteau & Pierre-Olivier Weill, 2011. "Liquidity and the Threat of Fraudulent Assets," NBER Working Papers 17500, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Aleksander Berentsen & Alessandro Marchesiani & Christopher Waller, 2014. "Floor Systems for Implementing Monetary Policy: Some Unpleasant Fiscal Arithmetic," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 17(3), pages 523-542, July.
  6. Hu, Tai-Wei & Rocheteau, Guillaume, 2013. "On the coexistence of money and higher-return assets and its social role," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 148(6), pages 2520-2560.
  7. Mahmoudi, Babak, 2013. "Liquidity Effects of Central Banks' Asset Purchase Programs," MPRA Paper 49424, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Mahmoudi, Babak, 2013. "Open-Market Operations, Asset Distributions, and Endogenous Market Segmentation," MPRA Paper 50089, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Berentsen, Aleksander & Waller, Christopher, 2011. "Outside versus inside bonds: A Modigliani–Miller type result for liquidity constrained economies," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 146(5), pages 1852-1887, September.
  10. Aleksander Berentsen & Samuel Huber & Alessandro Marchesiani, 2012. "Degreasing the wheels of finance," ECON - Working Papers 101, Department of Economics - University of Zurich.

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