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Nonparametric Identification and Estimation of Multivariate Mixtures


Author Info

  • Hiroyuki Kasahara

    (University of Western Ontario)

  • Katsumi Shimotsu

    (Queen's University)


We study nonparametric identifiability of finite mixture models of k-variate data with M subpopulations, in which the components of the data vector are independent conditional on belonging to a subpopulation. We provide a sufficient condition for nonparametrically identifying M subpopulations when k>=3. Our focus is on the relationship between the number of values the components of the data vector can take on, and the number of identifiable subpopulations. Intuition would suggest that if the data vector can take many different values, then combining information from these different values helps identification. Hall and Zhou (2003) show, however, when k=2, two-component finite mixture models are not nonparametrically identifiable regardless of the number of the values the data vector can take. When k>=3, there emerges a link between the variation in the data vector, and the number of identifiable subpopulations: the number of identifiable subpopulations increases as the data vector takes on additional (different) values. This points to the possibility of identifying many components even when k=3, if the data vector has a continuously distributed element. Our identification method is constructive, and leads to an estimation strategy. It is not as efficient as the MLE, but can be used as the initial value of the optimization algorithm in computing the MLE. We also provide a sufficient condition for identifying the number of nonparametrically identifiable components, and develop a method for statistically testing and consistently estimating the number of nonparametrically identifiable components. We extend these procedures to develop a test for the number of components in binomial mixtures.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Queen's University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 1153.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:qed:wpaper:1153

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Related research

Keywords: finite mixture; binomial mixture; model selection; number of components; rank estimation;

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  1. Richard Paap & Frank Kleibergen, 2004. "Generalized Reduced Rank Tests using the Singular Value Decomposition," Econometric Society 2004 Australasian Meetings 195, Econometric Society.
  2. T. P. Hettmansperger & Hoben Thomas, 2000. "Almost nonparametric inference for repeated measures in mixture models," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 62(4), pages 811-825.
  3. Robin, J.M. & Smith, R.J., 1995. "Tests of Rank," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 9521, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  4. Cragg, John G. & Donald, Stephen G., 1997. "Inferring the rank of a matrix," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 76(1-2), pages 223-250.
  5. W. Gibson, 1955. "An extension of Anderson's solution for the latent structure equations," Psychometrika, Springer, vol. 20(1), pages 69-73, March.
  6. Peter Hall & Amnon Neeman & Reza Pakyari & Ryan Elmore, 2005. "Nonparametric inference in multivariate mixtures," Biometrika, Biometrika Trust, Biometrika Trust, vol. 92(3), pages 667-678, September.
  7. T. Anderson, 1954. "On estimation of parameters in latent structure analysis," Psychometrika, Springer, vol. 19(1), pages 1-10, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Dong, Yingying & Lewbel, Arthur, 2011. "Nonparametric identification of a binary random factor in cross section data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 163(2), pages 163-171, August.


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