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Choix de consommation des ménages en présence de plusieurs décideurs

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Author Info

  • Anyck Dauphin
  • Abdel-Rahmen El Lahga
  • Bernard Fortin
  • Guy Lacroix

Abstract

Récemment, un nouveau cadre théorique d'analyse s'est développé dans le but d'analyser les comportements des ménages avec deux conjoints. Cette approche, qualifiée de modèle collectif, suppose que chaque conjoint a des préférences individuelles et que les choix du ménage sont Pareto-optimaux. Toutefois les études empiriques réalisées jusqu'à maintenant sur les modèles collectifs ont porté essentiellement sur des ménages à deux décideurs et ignorent le comportement des ménages qui en comptent potentiellement un plus grand nombre (e.g., couples vivant avec des enfants adultes ou avec des personnes âgées dans les pays développés, familles élargies dans les pays en développement). Le but de cet article est double: dans un premier temps, nous présentons de façon synthétique les principaux tests qui ont été proposés pour vérifier empiriquement les contraintes du modèle collectif dans un tel contexte. Nous proposons également un test qui s'avère être équivalent à un autre test présenté dans la littérature mais qui dans certains cas s'avère plus facile à mettre en oeuvre. Dans un deuxième temps, nous testons le modèle collectif à plusieurs preneurs de décisions à l'aide d'une enquête sur des micro-données britanniques. L'échantillon retenue comprend des couples avec un enfant de plus de 16 ans. Les résultats rejettent le modèle collectif avec un ou deux décideurs mais ne le rejettent pas dans le cas de trois décideurs.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CIRPEE in its series Cahiers de recherche with number 0433.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:lvl:lacicr:0433

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Related research

Keywords: Choix intra-familiaux; décisions de groupe; modèle collectif; analyse de demande; efficacité Paretienne; tests de rang;

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References

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  1. Browning, Martin & Francois Bourguignon & Pierre-Andre Chiappori & Valerie Lechene, 1994. "Income and Outcomes: A Structural Model of Intrahousehold Allocation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 102(6), pages 1067-96, December.
  2. Chiappori, Pierre-André & Donni, Olivier, 2006. "Les modèles non unitaires de comportement du ménage : un survol de la littérature," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 82(1), pages 9-52, mars-juin.
  3. Chiappori, Pierre-André & Fortin, Bernard & Lacroix, Guy, 2001. "Marriage Market, Divorce Legislation and Household Labor Supply," Cahiers de recherche 0103, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
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  14. Chiappori, P.A. & Ekeland, I., 2006. "The micro economics of group behavior: General characterization," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 130(1), pages 1-26, September.
  15. Fortin, Bernard & Lacroix, Guy, 1997. "A Test of the Unitary and Collective Models of Household Labour Supply," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 107(443), pages 933-55, July.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Djebbari, Habiba, 2005. "The Impact on Nutrition of the Intrahousehold Distribution of Power," IZA Discussion Papers 1701, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Frederic Vermeulen & Olivier Bargain & Miriam Beblo & Denis Beninger & Richard Blundell & Raquel Carrasco & Maria-Concetta Chiuri & François Laisney & Valérie Lechene & Nicolas Moreau & Michal Myck , 2006. "Collective Models of Labor Supply with Nonconvex Budget Sets and Nonparticipation: A Calibration Approach," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 4(2), pages 113-127, 06.

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