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The Impact on Nutrition of the Intrahousehold Distribution of Power

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  • Djebbari, Habiba

    ()
    (Université Laval)

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    Abstract

    The distribution of income within the household is found to matter for the allocation of resources towards nutrition. Rural Mexican households do not pool income, nor do they attain a Pareto-efficient allocation of resources. In contrast to what is commonly done in the literature, I do not assume that only the head of household and his wife share the decision-making. In particular, I present a new test of the unitary model in the context of extended families, which acknowledges that any household member may participate to the decision-making as long as he or she earns some income. I find that a change in the number of income earners is associated with a change in food calorie consumption controlling for the change in household size and household income. Both the number and identities of income earners matter in the extended family. In particular, when a female household member starts earning income, food consumption increases substantively. When it is a male household member who starts earning income, it decreases substantively.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 1701.

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    Length: 55 pages
    Date of creation: Aug 2005
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp1701

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    Keywords: nutrition; intrahousehold allocation; extended families;

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    Cited by:
    1. Gustavo J. Bobonis, 2011. "The Impact of Conditional Cash Transfers on Marriage and Divorce," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 59(2), pages 281 - 312.
    2. Akresh, Richard, 2005. "Understanding Pareto Inefficient Intrahousehold Allocations," IZA Discussion Papers 1858, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Macours, Karen & Vakis, Renos, 2010. "Seasonal Migration and Early Childhood Development," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 38(6), pages 857-869, June.
    4. Gustavo J. Bobonis & Melissa González-Brenes & Roberto Castro, 2013. "Public Transfers and Domestic Violence: The Roles of Private Information and Spousal Control," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 5(1), pages 179-205, February.
    5. Catherine T. Kenney, 2007. "When Father Doesn't Know Best: Parents’ Management and Control of Money and Children’s Food Insecurity," Working Papers, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Center for Research on Child Wellbeing. 24, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Center for Research on Child Wellbeing..
    6. Stöwhase, Sven, 2009. "Pareto-Inefficiencies in Intrahousehold-Decision-Making: Empirical evidence from Germany," MPRA Paper 13131, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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