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Enrollment Responses to Labour Market Conditions: A Study of the Canadian Market for Scientists and Engineers

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Author Info

  • Sumon Majumdar

    ()
    (Queen's University)

  • Katsumi Shimotsu

    ()
    (Queen's University)

Abstract

As Canada increasingly structures itself towards a "knowledge based economy", the supply of high-skilled professionals such as engineers and other science graduates acquires more importance. Following the theoretical framework developed by Ryoo and Rosen(2004), we develop and estimate a dynamic supply and demand model for engineers and scientists in Canada. We find that the estimated stock-flow dynamics are supportive of the theoretical model. The relative employment of engineers is quite sensitive to research and development (R&D) expenditures as a fraction of GDP, particularly after 1997. We then use the estimates to develop a dynamic impulse response function. Looking at the impact of a permanent increase in allocation towards R&D, we find that the adjustment process is relatively smooth and the market adjusts in about 2 to 8 years (plus the four years of natural lag in production) to within 80% of the final steady state. For a one-time improvement in R&D allocation, we find that under rational expectations, there is an initial increase in the number of science graduates, but then it falls to below the steady state value and remains there for a long period as the initial increase works its way through the market.

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File URL: http://qed.econ.queensu.ca/working_papers/papers/qed_wp_1105.pdf
File Function: First version 2006
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Queen's University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 1105.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:qed:wpaper:1105

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Keywords: dynamic supply and demand; engineers and scientists; R & D expenditure; adjustment dynamics;

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