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The Small and Medium Enterprises and Poverty in Pakistan: An Empirical Analysis

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  • Ali, Sharafat

Abstract

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are considered to play an important role in the economic growth, employment generation and poverty alleviation in the economy. The annual time series data is used for examination of impact of SMEs on poverty in Pakistan for the period of 1972-2008. The study utilizes Johansen cointegration and error correction mechanism to examine long run and short impacts small scale industries and other explanatory variable on poverty in Pakistan. The results of the study confirm a strong and poverty alleviating impact of small scale industries’ output in Pakistan. The study suggests the economic policy makers to focus on the establishment of formal financial markets to overcome the financial constraints faced by the SME sector in Pakistan. Simplification of lending procedures, enforcement of credit rights, and reduction in credit costs would be helpful for the establishment of robust SME sector in Pakistan.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 50506.

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Date of creation: Jun 2013
Date of revision: Jul 2113
Publication status: Published in European Journal of Business and Economics 2.8(2013): pp. 25-30
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:50506

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Keywords: Poverty; Small and Medium Enterprises; Income Inequality; Population Growth;

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  1. Durbin, J, 1970. "Testing for Serial Correlation in Least-Squares Regression When Some of the Regressors are Lagged Dependent Variables," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 38(3), pages 410-21, May.
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  3. Gebremariam, Gebremeskel H. & Gebremedhin, Tesfa G. & Jackson, Randall W., 2004. "The Role Of Small Business In Economic Growth And Poverty Alleviation In West Virginia: An Empirical Analysis," 2004 Annual meeting, August 1-4, Denver, CO 20290, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
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  6. Johansen, Soren, 1995. "Likelihood-Based Inference in Cointegrated Vector Autoregressive Models," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198774501, Octomber.
  7. Beck, T.H.L. & Demirgüç-Kunt, A. & Levine, R., 2005. "SMEs, growth and poverty: Cross country evidence," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-3125501, Tilburg University.
  8. Ravallion, M. & Datt, G., 1991. "Growth and Redistribution Components of Changes in Poverty Measures," Papers 83, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement.
  9. Engle, Robert F & Granger, Clive W J, 1987. "Co-integration and Error Correction: Representation, Estimation, and Testing," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(2), pages 251-76, March.
  10. Liedholm, Carl & Mead, Donald C., 1987. "Small Scale Industries in Developing Countries: Empirical Evidence and Policy Implications," Food Security International Development Papers 54062, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
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  13. Sarfraz Khan Qureshi & Ejaz Ghani, 1989. "Employment Generation in Rural Pakistan with a Special Focus on Rural Industrialization: A Preliminary Analysis," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 28(4), pages 587-602.
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Cited by:
  1. Sharafat, Ali & Hamid, Waqas & Muhammad, Asghar & Raheel Abbas, Kalroo & Muhammad, Ayaz & Mukhtyar, Khan, 2013. "Foreign Capital and Investment in Pakistan: A Cointegration and Causality Analysis," MPRA Paper 55640, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 28 Apr 2013.

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