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SMEs, Growth, and Poverty

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  • Thorsten Beck
  • Asli Demirguc-Kunt
  • Ross Levine

Abstract

This paper explores the relationship between the relative size of the Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) sector, economic growth, and poverty alleviation using a new database on the share of SME labor in the total manufacturing labor force. Using a sample of 45 countries, we find a strong, positive association between the importance of SMEs and GDP per capita growth. The data do not, however, confidently support the conclusions that SMEs exert a causal impact on growth. Furthermore, we find no evidence that SMEs alleviate poverty or decrease income inequality.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 11224.

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Date of creation: Mar 2005
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Publication status: published as Beck, Thorsten, Asli Demirguc-Kunt and Ross Levine. "SMEs, Growth, And Poverty: Cross-Country Evidence," Journal of Economic Growth, 2005, v10(3,Sep), 199-229
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:11224

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Cited by:
  1. Claessens, Stijn, 2005. "Access to financial services: a review of the issues and public policy objectives," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3589, The World Bank.
  2. Philipp D. Koellinger & A. Roy Thurik, 2012. "Entrepreneurship and the Business Cycle," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 94(4), pages 1143-1156, November.
  3. Guner, Nezih & Ventura, Gustavo & Xu, Yi, 2007. "Macroeconomic Implications of Size-Dependent Policies," CEPR Discussion Papers 6138, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Maribel Mojica & Tesfa Gebremedhin & Peter Schaeffer, 2009. "An Empirical Analysis of the Link between Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth in West Virginia," Working Papers 200902, Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University.
  5. Friedman, Felice B. & Grose, Claire, 2006. "Promoting access to primary equity markets : a legal and regulatory approach," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3892, The World Bank.
  6. Allen, Franklin & Chakrabarti, Rajesh & De, Sankar & Qian, Jun “QJ” & Qian, Meijun, 2012. "Financing firms in India," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 409-445.
  7. Alexander Coad & Jagannadha Pawan Tamvada, 2008. "The Growth and Decline of Small firms In Developing Countries," Papers on Economics and Evolution 2008-08, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Evolutionary Economics Group.
  8. Lskavyan, Vahe & Spatareanu, Mariana, 2008. "Host country's governance and the size of foreign investors," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 100(2), pages 258-261, August.
  9. Chung-Hua Shen & Haumin Chu & Yu-Chun Wang, 2012. "Who Furls the Umbrella on Rainy Days? The Role of Bank Ownership Type and Bank Size in SME Lending," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 48(0), pages 184-199, July.
  10. Richard Black & Adriana Castaldo, 2009. "Return Migration And Entrepreneurship In Ghana And C�Te D'Ivoire: The Role Of Capital Transfers," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 100(1), pages 44-58, 02.
  11. Esther K. Ishengoma & Robert Kappel, 2008. "Business Constraints and Growth Potential of Micro and Small Manufacturing Enterprises in Uganda," GIGA Working Paper Series 78, GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies.

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