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仕事満足度に関するジェンダー間パラドックス
[Factor Decomposition of Gender/Job-Satisfaction Paradox: Evidence from Japan]

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  • Yukawa, Shiho
  • Arita, Yuki
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    Abstract

    Previous studies found that although women have disadvantages in terms of wage and working conditions in labor markets, they derive more satisfaction from work than men do. This is called the “gender–job satisfaction paradox.” In this paper, we use a data set composed of company personnel data and employee survey data to examine whether such a paradox exists in Japan. In addition, we use the Oaxaca-Ransom decomposition technique to reveal the main factors contributing to this paradox. We use two measures of job satisfaction. One is overall job satisfaction, a comprehensive measure that determines employees’ overall level of satisfaction with their jobs. The other is treatment job satisfaction, a measure that considers job treatments such as wage, working hours, and job description. We found a gender–job satisfaction paradox in treatment job satisfaction. We also identified satisfaction with job responsibilities and the constant term as the main factors contributing to this paradox.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 35809.

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    Date of creation: 08 Jan 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:35809

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    Keywords: 仕事満足度; 仕事満足度に関するジェンダー間パラドックス; Oaxaca-Ransom要因分解;

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    1. Sousa-Poza, Alfonso & Sousa-Poza, Andres A, 2000. "Taking Another Look at the Gender/Job-Satisfaction Paradox," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(2), pages 135-52.
    2. Keith A. Bender & Peter J. Sloane, 1998. "Job satisfaction, trade unions, and exit-voice revisited," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 51(2), pages 222-240, January.
    3. Clark, A.E., 1995. "Job Satisfaction and Gender: Why Are Women so Happy at Work?," DELTA Working Papers 95-10, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
    4. Keith A. Bender & Susan M. Donohue & John S. Heywood, 2005. "Job satisfaction and gender segregation," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 57(3), pages 479-496, July.
    5. Sousa-Poza, Alfonso & Sousa-Poza, Andres A., 2007. "The effect of job satisfaction on labor turnover by gender: An analysis for Switzerland," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 36(6), pages 895-913, December.
    6. Oaxaca, Ronald L. & Ransom, Michael R., 1994. "On discrimination and the decomposition of wage differentials," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 5-21, March.
    7. P. J. Sloane & H. Williams, 2000. "Job Satisfaction, Comparison Earnings, and Gender," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 14(3), pages 473-502, 09.
    8. A. Sousa-Poza & A. A. Sousa-Poza, 2003. "Gender differences in job satisfaction in Great Britain, 1991-2000: permanent or transitory?," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(11), pages 691-694.
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