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ICT access in Latin America. evidence from household level

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  • Vergara, Sebastián
  • Grazzi, Matteo

Abstract

The diffusion of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) is becoming a central policy issue for developing countries, being identified by international policy-makers and scholars as an important driver of knowledge, innovation and economic growth. We analyze ICT access patterns in seven Latin American countries. In particular, we study the socio-economic determinants of the presence of computers and Internet connection at household level. Descriptive data show that ICT diffusion is concentrated in narrowly defined segments of income and educational groups in each country. Across countries, there is also evidence that the lower is the ICT diffusion, the higher is the inequality of that diffusion. Econometrically, we model the probability that a household has or has not adopted computer technologies and Internet access. The results confirm that variables such as income, education and rural/urban areas are key determinants of ICT diffusion. Additionally, there is evidence of geographical network effects and complementarities between Internet uses at different locations.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 33266.

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Date of creation: 29 Apr 2011
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:33266

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Keywords: ICT Access; Sample selection; Latin America;

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  1. Van de Ven, Wynand P. M. M. & Van Praag, Bernard M. S., 1981. "The demand for deductibles in private health insurance : A probit model with sample selection," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 229-252, November.
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  4. Hiroshi Ono & Madeline Zavodny, 2002. "Gender and the Internet," Working Paper, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta 2002-10, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
  5. Goldfarb, Avi & Prince, Jeff, 2008. "Internet adoption and usage patterns are different: Implications for the digital divide," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 2-15, March.
  6. Singh, Vik, 2004. "Factors Associated with Household Internet Use in Canada, 1998-2000," Agriculture and Rural Working Paper Series, Statistics Canada 28034, Statistics Canada.
  7. Shane Greenstein & Jeff Prince, 2006. "The Diffusion of the Internet and the Geography of the Digital Divide in the United States," NBER Working Papers 12182, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Michael Demoussis & Nicholas Giannakopoulos, 2006. "Facets of the digital divide in Europe: Determination and extent of internet use," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(3), pages 235-246.
  9. Puhani, Patrick A, 2000. " The Heckman Correction for Sample Selection and Its Critique," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 14(1), pages 53-68, February.
  10. Antonelli, Cristiano, 2003. "The digital divide: understanding the economics of new information and communication technology in the global economy," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 173-199, June.
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Cited by:
  1. Fairlie, Robert W. & Grunberg, Samantha, 2012. "Access to Technology and the Transfer Function of Community Colleges: Evidence from a Field Experiment," Santa Cruz Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt41s551d4, Department of Economics, UC Santa Cruz.

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